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Introduction
Alone at the Top
The Path to Power
Leading Canada
Private Life
Afterwards
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Profiles
Speeches
Comments
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Banner: First Among Equals Pierre Elliott Trudeau banner
Pierre Elliott Trudeau.

Quick Facts

1919 - 2000

Term(s) of Office:
April 20, 1968 - June 3, 1979
March 3, 1980 - June 30, 1984

Born

  • October 18, 1919, Montreal, Quebec

Education

  • Jean de Brébeuf College, B.A. 1940
  • University of Montreal, LL.L. 1943
  • Harvard University, M.A. Political Economy 1945
  • École des sciences politiques, Paris 1946 - 1947
  • London School of Economics 1947 - 1948

Personal Life

  • Married 1971, Margaret Sinclair (b. 1948)
  • Three sons (one died accidentally in 1998)
  • Divorced 1984
  • One daughter

Occupations

  • Lawyer (called to the Quebec Bar in 1943, to the Ontario Bar in 1967)
  • 1949 - 1951 Advisor to the Privy Council
  • 1950 Co-founder and director, Cité libre
  • 1961 - 1965 Associate Professor of Law, University of Montreal
  • 1961 - 1965 Researcher, Institut de recherches en droit public
  • Author
  • Law consultant

Political Party

  • Liberal
  • 1968 - 1984 Party Leader

Constituencies

  • 1965 - 1984 Mount Royal, Quebec

Other Ministries

  • 1967 - 1968 Justice
  • 1968 Acting President of the Privy Council

Political Record

  • Official Languages Act 1969
  • October Crisis (implementation of War Measures Act) 1970
  • Appointed Muriel McQueen Fergusson first woman Speaker of the Senate 1972
  • Wage and Price Controls 1975
  • Leader of the Opposition 1979-1980
  • Significant role in the victory of the "No" forces in the Quebec Referendum on Sovereignty-Association 1980
  • Appointed Jeanne Sauvé first woman Speaker of the House of Commons 1980
  • Canadian Charter of Rights 1982
  • Constitution Act 1982
  • Appointed Jeanne Sauvé, Canada's first woman governor general 1984

Died

  • September 28, 2000, Montreal, Quebec
  • Grave site: Saint-Rémi-de-Napierville, Quebec

Source: Canada's Prime Ministers, 1867 - 1994. [Ottawa]: National Archives of Canada, c1994. 20 p.

Trudeau: main page





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