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When Canada became a country, all Canadians were also British subjects. Britain was our "parent" country and very important. Later, the United States of America, as our next-door neighbour, became more important. Today, the prime minister must try to have a good relationship with the American president.
Canada has also become more important in the world. It is called a "middle power." Many countries look to the Canadian prime minister for help in solving problems. Examples are: helping keep peace in places where there is fighting, and helping countries to have clean water.