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6. (1) Every citizen of Canada has the right to enter, remain in and leave Canada.
(2) Every citizen of Canada and every person who has the status of a permanent resident of Canada has the right
a) to move to and take up residence in any province; and
b) to pursue the gaining of a livelihood in any province.
Page of lyrics to "Song of the Free," a song in eight verses describing a slave fleeing to Canada, circa 1860
19th-century photograph of the "Hope Gate" entrance into city of Québec, no date
Second World War poster entitled This Is Our Strength: Labour and Management, depicting a factory supported by hands representing both a labourer and a manager working together, circa 1939-1945
Poster entitled Free Farms for the Million, depicting international immigration routes to Canada and agricultural opportunities in Manitoba, the North-West and British Coloumbia, circa 1890
(3) The rights specified in subsection (2) are subject to
a) any laws or practices of general application in force in a province other than those that discriminate among persons primarily on the basis of province of present or previous residence; and
b) any laws providing for reasonable residency requirements as a qualification for the receipt of publicly provided social services.
(4) Subsections (2) and (3) do not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its object the amelioration in a province of conditions of individuals in that province who are socially or economically disadvantaged if the rate of employment in that province is below the rate of employment in Canada.
Cover of a book by Léo Ferrari entitled L'évolution des droits de l'homme : une perspective canadienne, 1971
Moving Here, Staying Here: The Canadian Immigrant Experience. Library and Archives Canada.
(accessed October 24, 2006).