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ARCHIVED - Building a Just Society:
A Retrospective of Canadian Rights and Freedoms

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Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom

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Legal Rights

Photograph of Canadian soldiers with a malnourished prisoner in a concentration camp near Weener, Germany, liberated by the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, April 24, 1945
Source
Canadian soldiers with a malnourished prisoner in a concentration camp near Weener, Germany, liberated by the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, April 24, 1945

7. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice.

8. Everyone has the right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure.

9. Everyone has the right not to be arbitrarily detained or imprisoned.

10. Everyone has the right on arrest or detention

a) to be informed promptly of the reasons therefor;
b) to retain and instruct counsel without delay and to be informed of that right; and
c) to have the validity of the detention determined by way of habeas corpus and to be released if the detention is not lawful.

Photograph of a Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer and crowd in front of the Quebec Pavilion at Expo 67, 1967

A Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer and crowd in front of the Quebec Pavilion at Expo 67, 1967
Source

Photograph of a munitions worker showing her pass to the security guard at the gate of the John Inglis Co. Bren gun plant. A sign at left instructs employees to use the route along Liberty Street. May 10, 1941

A munitions worker showing her pass to the security guard at the gate of the John Inglis Co. Bren gun plant. A sign at left instructs employees to use the route along Liberty Street. May 10, 1941
Source

First World War recruitment poster entitled NOUS DEFENDRONS LE PRÉCIEUX JOYAU DE LA LIBERTÉ (We will defend the precious gem of Liberty) [Unofficial Translation], depicting a soldier flanked by two Union Jack flags, circa 1914-1918

First World War recruitment poster entitled Nous défendrons le précieux joyau de la Liberté (We will defend the precious gem of Liberty) [Unofficial Translation], depicting a soldier flanked by two Union Jack flags, circa 1914-1918
Source

11. Any person charged with an offence has the right

a) to be informed without unreasonable delay of the specific offence;
b) to be tried within a reasonable time;
c) not to be compelled to be a witness in proceedings against that person in respect of the offence;
d) to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal;
e) not to be denied reasonable bail without just cause;
f) except in the case of an offence under military law tried before a military tribunal, to the benefit of trial by jury where the maximum punishment for the offence is imprisonment for five years or a more severe punishment;
g) not to be found guilty on account of any act or omission unless, at the time of the act or omission, it constituted an offence under Canadian or international law or was criminal according to the general principles of law recognized by the community of nations;
h) if finally acquitted of the offence, not to be tried for it again and, if finally found guilty and punished for the offence, not to be tried or punished for it again; and
i) if found guilty of the offence and if the punishment for the offence has been varied between the time of commission and the time of sentencing, to the benefit of the lesser punishment.

Cover of a book by Sylvie Loslier and Nicole Pothier entitled DROITS ET LIBERTÉS … À VISAGE DÉCOUVERT AU QUÉBEC ET AU CANADA, 2001

Cover of a book by Sylvie Loslier and Nicole Pothier entitled Droits et libertés … à visage découvert au Québec et au Canada, 2001
Source

Cover of a book by Samuel V. LaSelva entitled THE MORAL FOUNDATIONS OF CANADIAN FEDERALISM: PARADOXES, ACHIEVEMENTS, AND TRAGEDIES OF NATIONHOOD, 1996

Cover of a book by Samuel V. LaSelva entitled The Moral Foundations of Canadian Federalism: Paradoxes, Achievements, and Tragedies of Nationhood, 1996
Source

12. Everyone has the right not to be subjected to any cruel and unusual treatment or punishment.

13. A witness who testifies in any proceedings has the right not to have any incriminating evidence so given used to incriminate that witness in any other proceedings, except in a prosecution for perjury or for the giving of contradictory evidence.

14. A party or witness in any proceedings who does not understand or speak the language in which the proceedings are conducted or who is deaf has the right to the assistance of an interpreter.

Further Research

Canadian Human Rights Commission.
www.chrc-ccdp.ca/default-en.asp
(accessed October 24, 2006).