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Joseph B. Tyrrell
More on Joseph B. Tyrrell (1858-1957)
Although Joseph Tyrrell was with the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC) for a short time compared to others, he managed to accomplish a great deal. He found both a major coal deposit and dinosaur skeletons. Tyrrell was thus frustrated when he failed to get promotions within the Survey. When he saw the gold in the Klondike in 1898, he decided to resign and go into business for himself. This second career lasted more than 50 years. Tyrrell went on to run the Kirkland Lake Gold Mine in northern Ontario, to edit and publish the journals of early Canadian explorers, and to develop an apple farm on land that is now part of the Toronto Zoo. Tyrrell died at age 98. His name lives on in the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology, which was named after him in recognition of his important dinosaur finds.
"Crow's Nest Pass, Elevation 4,438 feet. In the morning I went back on the trail for about half a mile, to connect with the survey of yesterday, while Dr. [George] Dawson went up a creek to look for coal, some of which I had seen in the gravel bed of the creek. The lunch point to-day was given out at breakfast at Crow's Nest Lake, which I reached about two o'clock in the afternoon and was pleased to find that Dr. Dawson had decided to camp the rest of the day at that stop, in order to explore a wonderful cave in the vicinity. I went over with him to see it and we spent the afternoon there. There was a grand gateway at the entrance like that from some huge Norman Cathedral, with a clear floor of crystal water which wells up at the back. One dry passage about four feet high leads back one hundred feet and then drops under the water. Old Indian devices in colour were to be seen on the threshold and over the entrance to the passage and on the other side of the main entrance over the water. It seemed to have been lately inhabited by bears and marmots."
(Joseph Tyrrell, July 9, 1883)