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What Were the Schoolbooks Like?
Gymnastics and Calisthenics Books
The School House, Its Architecture, External and Internal Arrangements: With Additional Papers on Gymnastics, the Use of Apparatus, School Discipline, Methods of Teaching, Etc., Etc., Together with Selections for Public Recitations in Schools, edited by authority of the Chief Superintendent of Education for Upper Canada, by J. George Hodgins. Toronto: Printed for the Dept. of Public Instruction for Upper Canada, by Lovell and Gibson, 1857
The exercises provided for girls are considerably less vigorous. The text notes that girls “neither require the same robust exercise nor rough sports” as boys.
Cruden’s Calisthenic Training and Musical Drill by George Cruden. Montréal: D. & J. Sadlier, 1889
Public School Physiology and Temperance by William Nattress. Toronto: W. Briggs, 1893. 47th edition