Log Cabin Scavenger Hunt
Log cabins were made from logs of trees that had been cut down to clear the land. The cracks between the logs were filled in with mud to keep the wind out. The roof was made of shingles, logs or thatch (straw). Often there was only one room to live, eat and sleep in. Floors were often dirt, sometimes wood. There was a door and a window or two, if glass was available. There was no indoor plumbing. Water had to be carried in for washing, drinking and cooking.
Lanterns provided light. Some held candles, others burned oil.
Children played with hand-carved wooden spinning tops.
The tips of turkey or goose feathers were cut to form a sharp pen nib. Quills were dipped into inkwells from time to time as you wrote.
Made of cast iron, stoves burned wood to heat houses and cook food.
Linen bags, stuffed with straw or corn husks, were placed on the bed frame to provide a layer of insulation. A feather mattress came next. Linen sheets and quilts were laid on top.
Bread dough was placed in a wooden box and set near the fire to rise.
Massive amounts of cut wood were needed to heat a house throughout the winter.
Wool was spun on spinning wheels and woven or knitted to make blankets and clothes.
Soured cream was poured into the wooden churn and then pounded with a stick, called a dasher. After about 30 minutes the cream turned to butter.
Barrel of salt
Salt was added to lots of foods to stop them from spoiling, especially meat. It was also used for cleaning things.
With no inside plumbing, a large bowl and water jug were placed on a stand for people to wash themselves with.
For more on log cabins, check out the Books and Links section.