Skip navigation links (access key: Z)Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives CanadaSymbol of the Government of Canada
Français - Version française de cette pageHome - The main page of the Institution's websiteContact Us - Institutional contact informationHelp - Information about using the institutional websiteSearch - Search the institutional - Government of Canada website

Archived Content

This archived Web page remains online for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. This page will not be altered or updated. Web pages that are archived on the Internet are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats of this page on the Contact Us page.

Banner: The Kids' Site of Canadian Settlement
IntroductionExplore the Communities

Section title: Africans
Introduction | History |  Daily Life | Culture | References


Many Black people left the United States after the American Revolution (1776-1783). Most of these people, known as Loyalists, settled in what is now Ontario and the Maritimes. In the early 1800s, many African Americans travelled north in search of freedom and settled in Upper Canada, Lower Canada and the maritime colonies (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island). In the 1850s, African Americans came from California to what is now British Columbia seeking equality under the law. Towards the end of the 1800s and the beginning of the 1900s, African Americans were drawn to the Canadian prairies by offers of inexpensive land.

The great majority of Africans arrived in the New World on ships as slaves. For years, Africans had been captured and forced aboard ships to be sold as slaves by European traders. Many of these men and women were taken to the "new" continent, especially to what is now the southern United States where workers were badly needed on plantations. Others worked as household slaves in the east and north. Unlike other immigrants, these people did not come to this continent looking for a better life. They were kidnapped and brought against their will.


Proactive Disclosure