The first African to come to New France may have been Mattieu da Costa. He was part of Samuel de Champlain's expedition from France to Port-Royal, sometime around 1606. Port-Royal was the first colony in New France. Da Costa was not a slave. He was employed as a translator helping the Acadians to trade with the Mi'kmaq natives of the area. He stayed in the colony until 1607 when he returned to Europe.