Skip navigation links (access key: Z)Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives CanadaSymbol of the Government of Canada
Français - Version française de cette pageHome - The main page of the Institution's websiteContact Us - Institutional contact informationHelp - Information about using the institutional websiteSearch - Search the institutional websitecanada.gc.ca - Government of Canada website

Archived Content

This archived Web page remains online for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. This page will not be altered or updated. Web pages that are archived on the Internet are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats of this page on the Contact Us page.

Banner: The Kids' Site of Canadian Settlement
IntroductionExplore the Communities
 

Section title: Haida
Introduction | History | Daily Life |  Culture | References


Daily Life

Way of Life

Long ago the Haida sometimes went to war against other Native groups for revenge or to get items of wealth and, especially, slaves. The Haida's slaves were either people caught in wars or were the children of those who had been caught. The Haida were successful warriors because they had excellent seamanship skills. Haida forts were very well defended against attack. Haida also defended themselves by wearing armour, including wooden helmets and breastplates, and a war coat made from thick sea lion hides or several layers of elkskin. They used bows and arrows and spears, as well as war daggers.

Food

 
  Native people fishing for eulachon, Chilkat River, circa 1909

The Haida's main food sources were the salmon and eulachon fish. The eulachon was highly prized because, besides being good to eat, its oil could be used for lighting lamps. In order to get eulachon, the Haida had to travel to the Nass River and trade with the Nisga'a people. There were also many animals the Haida could hunt. The largest was the grizzly bear. The grizzly bear is also honoured by the Haida of Haida Gwaii.

Next


Proactive Disclosure