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At one time the Inuit had a summer home and a winter home. In the summer, the Inuit often lived in tents that they made from caribou hides with wooden frames. In the winter many Inuit lived in sod homes. They would dig a hole in the ground and pile rocks and sod all around the outside to make walls. Pieces of wood or whalebone were used as a frame for the roof, which the Inuit then covered with sod. In both the tents and the sod houses the Inuit built raised platforms at the back for sleeping.
Spring tents of caribou skins, Bernard Harbour, Northwest Territories (now part of Nunavut), June 2, 1915
A winter sod house in Igloolik, 1974. The door frame is made of stones and the walls of sod. The roof is made of a summer tent insulated with brushwood. The porch is made of ice blocks with a snow dome on top
Windowpane in a sod house, seen from the inside, Igloolik, 1974
Igloo, Mackenzie Bay region, Northwest Territories
The Inuit are famous for their igloos. An igloo is built of blocks of snow shaped into a dome. They were mostly used as temporary shelter during winter hunting trips. The igloo is the one of the Inuit's best inventions. It is warm and easy to construct. Most Inuit today have settled in villages and live in houses.