Skip navigation links (access key: Z)Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives CanadaSymbol of the Government of Canada
Français - Version française de cette pageHome - The main page of the Institution's websiteContact Us - Institutional contact informationHelp - Information about using the institutional websiteSearch - Search the institutional - Government of Canada website

Archived Content

This archived Web page remains online for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. This page will not be altered or updated. Web pages that are archived on the Internet are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats of this page on the Contact Us page.

Banner: The Kids' Site of Canadian Settlement
IntroductionExplore the Communities

Section title: Mi'kmaq
Introduction |  History |  Daily Life |  Culture | References

Daily Life

Way of Life

  Micmac Indians, painting by an anonymous artist, circa 1820

The Mi'kmaq territory was vast and plentiful. Like other Algonquin peoples, the Mi'kmaq would live near the ocean and mouths of rivers in the summer and move to the interior in the winter. This was to protect them from the cold winds.


Mi'kmaq were able to live off the many animals that lived in the forest. This included bear, moose, porcupine, hare, grouse and passenger pigeons. The passenger pigeon no longer exists. There were once so many in the air that the sky would turn black with them. They were killed off when French and English settlers arrived with guns.

The Mi'kmaq also gathered atocas (cranberries), blueberries, strawberries and raspberries to eat. They caught fish. Some fish, such as the sturgeon, weighed up to 800 pounds (400 kg). Along outlets of rivers by the ocean, the Mi'kmaq were able to catch shellfish, lobster, crabs, salmon and eels. There were also walrus, seals and whales.


Proactive Disclosure