Shelter -- Pioneer Homes in the West
Every pioneer family's first job was to build a shelter. Some Ukrainians' first homes were huts built from logs and sod. This type of structure was called a burdei.
How to make a burdei:
Imagine preparing for a Canadian winter in such a house!
The Ukrainian farmers built their first real homes from logs and thatched the roofs. They coated the walls with clay to keep out the wind. Then, to make their homes cleaner and brighter, they whitewashed the walls inside and out. Many homes had one room, with the windows and door facing south. Later, people built bigger homes. They put up barns to store their grain and shelter their horses, cows, pigs and hens. Some Ukrainian homes in Alberta followed the tradition of having no chimney, but a large clay oven for warmth and cooking, with simply a pipe or vent to lead the smoke outside. At first, families made their own furniture and used hand tools to do their farm work.
whitewashed: painted with a white mixture of a chemical called lime