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Sinking of Titanic - April 14, 1912
For most of its short life, Titanic was the pride of the White Star Line steamship company. When it steamed out of Southampton, England on its maiden voyage, on April 10, 1912, Titanic was the largest ship in the world. In fact, it was the largest moving object ever built. It was 264.6 metres (882 feet) long and weighed 52,728.5 metric tons (52,310 tons) at the waterline. The ship had room for 2,566 passengers in addition to its 892 crew; completely full, Titanic's 20 lifeboats could hold 1,178 people.
The difference between Titanic's lifeboat capacity and the number of people on board the ship (2,227) became a matter of deadly importance on the evening of April 14, 1912. That night, despite numerous warnings, Titanic sailed into a massive field of icebergs about 590 kilometres (364 miles) off the coast of Newfoundland.
At 10:35 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, a distress call was received by the men on duty at the Marconi Company wireless station at Cape Race, Newfoundland. It was from Titanic, and included a simple, chilling statement: "have struck iceberg." A flurry of calls between Titanic and other ships in the area followed, until all contact with the ship -- which had been called "unsinkable" -- was lost at 12:27 a.m..
It was the Carpathia, a ship owned by the Cunard fleet (a rival of the White Star Line), that first arrived on the scene. The Carpathia picked up 705 survivors from the lifeboats. Nobody else would be found alive.
Boats typically used to repair underwater telegraph cables were dispatched from Halifax, Nova Scotia to recover the bodies of the dead. Over 1,500 people perished, but only 328 bodies were recovered by Canadian vessels. The rest sank with the ship or drifted away with the currents.
Of the 328 recovered bodies, 116 were buried at sea; another 59 were shipped home for burial; and the remaining 150 victims were buried in three cemeteries in Halifax.
Following the Titanic disaster, changes were made to the regulations governing lifeboats and wireless distress signal monitoring, and international ice patrols were begun. The sinking of Titanic has inspired books, music, paintings and numerous films. To this day, it remains the most famous nautical disaster of all time.
Newspaper article: TITANIC IN DANGER
Newspaper article: FEAR 1,200 PERISHED
Newspaper article: MUCH EXCITEMENT AT NEWS OF WRECK
Newspaper article: LITTLE HOPE NOW REMAINS
Newspaper article: UN DRAME EN PLEINE MER
Newspaper article: LE PLUS TERRIBLE SINISTRE MARITIME DES TEMPS MODERNES
Newspaper article: LA CATASTROPHE DU "TITANIC"
Newspaper article: PLUS DE 1200 PERSONNES DANS LES ABIMES DE LA MER
Newspaper article: L'HORRIBLE DOUTE CESSERA CE SOIR
Newspaper article: LA FIN TRAGIQUE DE GÉANT DES MERS - 1601 MORTS
Newspaper article: THE GREATEST MARINE DISASTER IN HISTORY
Newspaper article: CARPATHIA NEARING PORT WITH SURVIVORS
Newspaper article: STILL UNCERTAINTY AS TO NUMBER OF SURVIVORS