This guide consists of specific archival references and a selected bibliography relating to the Canadian and American International Joint Commission on Water Resources, 1914-1941. Issues such as boundary waters, hydro-electric power and Niagara Falls were subject to negotiations by the International Joint Commission.
Established by the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909, the International Joint Commission (est. 1912) is the oldest Canadian-American organization. The commission is tasked to deal with the development and conservation of water resources. Throughout the century, the commission has reported on over 50 issues affecting Canadian-American relations and is considered the model for successful intergovernmental organizations.
This guide was revised in October 2000.
Records of the Department of External Affairs (RG 25)
The Department of External Affairs, established in 1909, was the vehicle through which the commission reported to Parliament.
Records of the Department of Health and Welfare (RG 29)
Researchers should consult the General Inventory on ArchiviaNet for private papers of the members of the International Joint Commission.
Bloomfield, L.M. and Gerald F. Fitzgerald. Boundary Waters Problems of Canada and the United States. The International Joint Commission 1912-1958. Toronto, Carswell, 1958, 264 pp.
Burpee, Lawrence J. Good Neighbours. Toronto, Ryerson Press, ca.1940
Canadian-American Commission Committee. Cooperative Development of Columbia River Basin: A Statement/Canadian-American Committee. Ca. 1960, 12 pp.
Heeney, A.D.P. Along the Common Frontier, the International Joint Commission. Toronto, Baxter Pub. Co., July 1967
International Joint Commission. Functions, Powers & Duties of International Joint Commission and of the International Boards operating under its jurisdiction. Ottawa, J.O. Patenaude, Printer of the King, 1935, 11 pp.
Also select bibliography in Bloomfield's books.
International Joint Commission Web site: www.ijc.org/en/home/main_accueil.htm. The Web site contains links to various reports and publications which contain useful information about the IJC and its work.