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By virtue of their Native ancestry, the Métis of Athabasca were also deemed to have land claims which also needed to be extinguished before the region could be opened to settlement. The federal government decided not to enter into treaty with the Métis, but instead to issue a one-time land grant. These grants were conveyed to Métis family heads and their children by a special warrant called "scrip."
See also Métis Scrip Records