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Themes - Film

Bonnie Sherr Klein

Photograph of Bonnie Sherr Klein

(1941- )
Filmmaker, Author, Disability Rights Activist

Bonnie Sherr Klein
Source


Bonnie Sherr Klein was born in Philadelphia to parents who ran a small grocery store and later became moderately successful real estate agents. She was educated in public schools until high school. Bonnie then attended Akiba Hebrew Academy, a Jewish day school that introduced her to the social justice concept of Tikkun Olam, 'healing of the world'. This ideology teaches a sense of responsibility to make the world a more tolerant, peaceful and compassionate place.

Bonnie's post-secondary education includes a Bachelor of Arts from Barnard College in 1961, a secondary school teaching certificate from Temple University in Philadelphia, and studies in theatre and theatre directing at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh and at Stanford University in 1962-1963. After watching some National Film Board of Canada (NFB) documentaries, she switched from theatre to film.

In 1966 Bonnie received a Master of Arts in Communication with a major in film and television and a minor in drama. She then went to work as a free-lance documentary filmmaker in California and New York with her former professor and mentor, George C. Stoney. The documentaries combined her passion for theatre with her engagement in social justice causes like civil rights and the anti-nuclear movement.

Bonnie's first film credits date from 1965 to 1966. For All My Students (writer/director/camera/editor) was a film for high school teachers produced by Stanford University for the U.S. Office of Education. She was editor, production manager and researcher on Community Mental Health Series, a series of three docu-dramas produced by George C. Stoney Associates. One Fine Day, for which Klein was production manager, was produced by Stoney Associates for the American Heart Association, and Last-Chance Children, with Klein as editor, was a film produced by the Anti-Defamation League.

Bonnie and her physician husband, Michael, immigrated to Canada in 1967 as Vietnam War resisters. She worked as director and producer for the National Film Board of Canada in Montréal, in Challenge for Change, a program that experimented with the use of media as a tool for social change.

In 1968 Bonnie worked as commentary writer on two films: Introduction to Fogo Island, which demonstrated that film can be a catalyst for social change in that Newfoundland community; and Challenge for Change, a film that outlined the Challenge for Change program's original concept and presented excerpts from films in the program. She also directed and edited the five-part series Organizing for Power: The Alinsky Approach. It examined American professional social activist Saul Alinsky's method of organizing communities into effective action units based on participatory democracy. That year Klein also directed and edited Little Burgundy, an English adaptation of La p'tite bourgogne (directed by Maurice Bulbulian), a film about citizen reaction to urban renewal in a poor district of Montréal.

The following year Klein explored the idea of letting people create their own video images. With the aid of social activist Dorothy Todd Hénaut, she proved that video had great potential as a community organization tool. The successful experiment used videotape recording (VTR) and closed-circuit television to stimulate social action in an impoverished neighbourhood of Montréal, where Michael was a volunteer in the citizen-run health clinic. Bonnie directed and produced Opération boule de neige (English version: VTR St-Jacques 1970),the first video project directly in the hands of citizens; and Citizens' Medicine/ La clinique des citoyens (1970), English and French original films about the health clinic that was a precursor to Medicare. The involvement of two Anglophone women with a Francophone community and film crew was unique at that time

Bonnie and Michael returned to the United States in 1970 for Michael to do a post-doctorate fellowship in Rochester, New York. Bonnie established Portable Channel, a community access media and documentary centre. She trained teams of non-professionals to produce videos for 'Homemade TV', a series broadcast on the local PBS (Public Broadcasting System) station. She was instrumental in promoting the 'media to the people' movement, an amalgam of Alinsky's ideas, the Challenge for Change approach and her own pioneering work in video access.

In 1975 the Kleins moved back to Montréal, where Bonnie joined Studio D, the National Film Board of Canada, Women's Unit. She subsequently worked as director and producer on A Working Chance / Du coeur à l'ouvrage (1976), which described a government initiative to help diminish the adverse effects of seasonal unemployment, and Harmonie (1977), a bilingual film about a summer music camp in Quebec's Laurentian mountains. She was director and co-producer of Patricia's Moving Picture (1978), a film about the passage of an extraordinary middle-aged woman through a mid-life crisis into a sense of personal identity. She co-directed and produced The Right Candidate for Rosedale (1979), which focused on a Black community worker's unsuccessful bid for the federal Liberal nomination in Toronto's prestigious Rosedale riding.

In 1981 Bonnie took on the phenomenon of pornography in her controversial award-winning documentary Not a Love Story: A Film About Pornography / C'est surtout pas de l'amour : un film sur la pornographie. Klein's investigative technique was direct: she and stripper Lindalee Tracey embarked on a consciousness-raising search that took them into the world of pornographic commerce from peep shows to strip joints. The purpose of the journey was to ask what pornography is, what forms it takes, and how it affects social relations. The film initiated huge debate wherever it was shown. It served as briefing material for a federal standing committee, an educational resource for police, and ammunition in a 1983 nation-wide protest against allowing Playboy on pay television. It was banned in Saskatchewan. In Ontario the Censor Board refused to classify it but this only led to hundreds of private screenings. Not a Love Story went on to become one of the most popular and commercially successful films the National Film Board of Canada ever made. It may be the most famous film Bonnie directed and is still used in many women's studies courses across Canada and the United States. Many people, especially women, report that the film has changed their lives.

Her next film ventures include Speaking Our Peace (co-director/co-producer, 1985), featuring local and international peace initiatives by women protesting violence; Dark Lullabies (co-producer, 1985), about reverberations of the Holocaust on children of survivors and children of perpetrators; A Writer in the Nuclear Age: A Conversation with Margaret Laurence (co-producer, 1986), addressing peace-related issues; and Nuclear Addiction: Dr. Rosalie Bertell on the Cost of Deterrence (co-producer, 1986), recording a lecture by a world-renowned expert on low-level radiation. Klein also worked on A Love Affair with Politics: A Portrait of Marion Dewar (co-producer, 1987), a film highlighting Dewar's life at the time she was mayor of Ottawa; Children of War (consultant director, 1987), showing teenagers from war-torn countries sharing their experiences with their Canadian peers; Mile Zero: The SAGE Tour / Le mille zéro: la tournée SAGE (director and producer, 1988), about four Montréal high school students' nine-month journey across Canada as they speak to youth about the threat of nuclear war and what they could do about it; and Russian Diary (co-producer, 1989), a last glimpse of the Soviet Union before its transition by glasnost.

Despite her long list of film credits, Bonnie Klein's interest was never film for its own sake but rather for the objective of Tikkun Olam (i.e. peace and social justice.) She was not only the senior filmmaker in Studio D, but an activist who brought challenging and provocative ideas from the grass-roots women's movement to the filmmakers, and gave the films back to those audiences to further their work. A member for many years of the National Film Board of Canada's program committee, she brought a feminist perspective to the usually invisible institutional bias toward male filmmakers, subjects, ideas, and audiences. She challenged the notion of journalistic objectivity, which often supported the status quo, and translated as 'I object to your activity.'

In 1987, at the age of 46, Bonnie survived two catastrophic strokes caused by haemorrhaging of a congenital malformation in her brainstem. She became quadriplegic and required a respirator to breathe. She experienced panic attacks and 'locked-in syndrome'; though fully conscious she could neither move nor speak. Most doctors believed it was inoperable. However her husband's perseverance in finding the right doctor paid off and successful surgery removing the tumour was performed September 2, 1987 in London, Ontario. Bonnie was in hospital for over six months, first in Montréal, then London, and back again in Montréal. She then spent another three years in formal rehabilitation. As well, she and Michael employed so-called complementary therapies, and experimented with 'whatever worked.'

Shooting on Mile Zero: The SAGE Tour wrapped up in May 1987 and Klein had fallen ill in August. With the help of her editor, Sidonie Kerr, and executive producer, Irene Angelico, she was able to finish the film as she recovered. Although Angelico and Kerr had to do more than they had originally intended, they did so because of Klein herself. She became an inspiration that transcended their work. Bonnie believes it was because they were so inspired by the young people in the film. She sees many parallels between her illness and the spirit of this film: "What attracted me in the first place to direct the film was the hopefulness of the kids. They have this realistic optimism; it's reasoned, not a blind faith. But they are very optimistic. And that was very influential for me, in terms of the illness, too. To act, you have to believe change is possible, whether it is peacemaking or healing." (Schwartz, p. B5)

Bonnie kept written and taped journals during her illness, literally, to write herself into understanding and recovery. At the same time, she recognized that she was living everyone's worst nightmare, and was in a unique position as a documentarist to bridge the gap between her previous world and her new one. She wrote and presented her first radio documentary for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) entitled Finding My Place: A Journey into the World of Disability. It was about "Independence '92", the Vancouver conference that brought together 2800 delegates with disabilities from around the world. The documentary won various awards including a gold medal at the International Radio Festival of New York (1993). Bonnie's passion and expertise as a filmmaker was readily applied to radio. She wrote and narrated the four-part radio series, Bonnie & Gladys, based on her intimate journals. It was aired on CBC's Morningside (October 1994) and won the prestigious Gabriel Award from the National Catholic Broadcasters' Association (1995) and the National Easter Seals Award (1995).

In 1993, after a careful search for a place that would be more accessible for Bonnie and where Michael could continue his work in maternity care and maternity care research, the Kleins moved from Montréal to Vancouver. There Bonnie would not be hampered by snow and ice and could get around on the motorized scooter she called Gladys.

The publication Slow Dance: A Story of Stroke, Love, and Disability (1997), written in collaboration with Vancouver visual artist and writer, Persimmon Blackbridge, is Bonnie's candid account of her life-altering strokes and their aftermath. The title Slow Dance refers to the long slow process of rehabilitation, which for Klein included the discovery that dancing was easier than walking. Metaphorically, the title refers to the dance of life, which became both slower in pace and more consciously an art. Slow Dance won the VanCity Book Prize for 1997 as the best British Columbia-authored book pertaining to women's issues. An abridged version, Out of the Blue: One Woman's Story of Stroke, Love, and Survival was released in 2000.

Bonnie Klein has received numerous honours, including Member, Film/TV/Media Artists' Panel New York State Council on the Arts (1973-1975); Woman of the Year Award - Salon des femmes du Quebec (1983); Delegation Head - Women Filmmaker Exchange China (September 1986); Delegate - Canadian Women's Film Festival Israel (May 1989); Canada Council Explorations Programme (1990); Canada 125 Commemorative Medal (1992); Vancouver YWCA Woman of Distinction [Arts and Culture] (1996); and Woman of the Year, Vancouver Women in Film and Video (1997). She delivered the prestigious John F. McCreary Lecture in Vancouver at the University of British Columbia (October 2000 and published as The Art of Disability, 2001). She is the only Canadian included in David Goldsmith's The Documentary Makers: Interviews with 15 of the Best in the Business (2003). She was granted an honorary Doctor of Laws degree by Ryerson University (June 2003). Klein was presented with the Governor General's Award in Commemoration of the Persons Case (2004). This award honours those who have made outstanding contributions to the quality of life for women in Canada.

In recent years Bonnie has come full circle back to the idea of people creating their own images. She is co-founder, artistic advisor and board member of the Society for Disability Arts and Culture (S4DAC). S4DAC is the producer of the pioneering KickstART! Festival of Disability Arts and Culture, which brings together previously isolated artists to express their experience of disability in dance, comedy, music, theatre and visual art. Klein co-produced the film KickstART! A Celebration for the Society for Disability Arts and Culture (2003). She also counsels, consults, and speaks about health care, rehabilitation, disability rights, and disability arts and culture to health care professionals, disability and survivor organizations, and the general public, often together with Michael.

In 2004 this brilliant filmmaker finished shooting her first film in seventeen years, a National Film Board of Canada production about disability and art. Entitled SHAMELESS: The ART of Disability, it was released in 2006. It invites people behind the scenes with her and several other artists as they represent themselves in their various creations, contrasted with stereotypical images in popular culture. The film is a light-hearted challenge to the notion of disability, including the perception of disability as tragedy. The hope is that by giving viewers the chance to hang out with the artists (the context of SHAMELESS: The ART of Disability) they will dispel the myth of disability as tragedy, and replace it with something much more complex and interesting, including laughter.

Bonnie and Michael Klein divide their time between Vancouver and Robert's Creek on British Columbia's Sunshine Coast, a rural community that matches Bonnie's slowed-down pace. She gets around on a walker or two canes, or a tricycle, or on 'the Goddess', her current motorized scooter. Michael continues to do trans-disciplinary maternity care research. They have two children and both are following in their parents' creative footsteps as activists. Seth (b. 1968) is the British Columbia director of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives; Naomi (b. 1970) is the widely acclaimed author of No Logo and writer of The Take, an inspiring film made in Argentina about worker takeovers of bankrupt factories. Bonnie and Michael are the proud grandparents of Zoe Anne Klein-Johnson (b. 2004), daughter of Seth and his wife, Erica.

In her citation and introduction of Bonnie Sherr Klein during the awarding of her honorary doctorate from Ryerson University, Melanie Panitch sums up Klein's career and the driving forces behind it:

"Bonnie's work has uniquely recognized the intersections between the subjects she has explored; it is full of moments of discovery, camera clicks of recognition. Wherever her heart and her work have taken her, three themes abound. The first is the celebration of speech over silence. The second is the concern for peace over violence. The third is the power of human solidarity over isolation."

(Panitch, p. 33)

Learning from her own life experience, Bonnie Sherr Klein adamantly advocates, "Never give up on anyone, or on yourself. Question authority and never take 'no' for an answer." (Klein, "Convocation address" online).

Filmography

A detailed filmography for Bonnie Sherr Klein is available.

1965-1966 Community Mental Health Series (three docu-dramas)
1966 For All My Students
1966 Last-Chance Children
1966 One Fine Day
1968 Challenge for Change
1968 Introduction to Fogo Island
1968 Little Burgundy
1968 Organizing for Power: The Alinsky Approach. Series of five films: People and Power; Deciding to Organize; Building an Organization; Through Conflict to Negotiation; A Continuing Responsibility
1969 Opération boule de neige
1970 Citizens' Medicine
1970 La clinique des citoyens
1970 VTR St-Jacques
1976 Du coeur à l'ouvrage
1976 A Working Chance
1977 Harmonie (in French and English)
1978 Patricia's Moving Picture
1979 The Right Candidate for Rosedale
1981 Not a Love Story: A Film about Pornography
1982 C'est surtout pas de l'amour : un film sur la pornographie
1985 Dark Lullabies
1985 Speaking Our Peace
1986 A Writer in the Nuclear Age: A Conversation with Margaret Laurence
1987 Children of War
1987 A Love Affair with Politics: A Portrait of Marion Dewar
1988 Mile Zero: The SAGE Tour
1988 Le mille zéro : la tournée SAGE
1989 Russian Diary
2003 KickstART! A Celebration
2006 SHAMELESS: The ART of Disability

Detailed Filmography

KickstART! A Celebration. — Co-producer. — Produced for the Society for Disability Arts and Culture. — Vancouver : Society for Disability Arts and Culture, 2003. — 13 min. — Col.

Bonnie Sherr Klein worked on the following National Film Board of Canada productions in various roles — director, producer, editor and writer:

SHAMELESS: The ART of Disability. — 2006

Russian Diary. — 1989. — 27:17 min. — Col.

Mile Zero: The SAGE Tour / Le mille zéro : la tournée SAGE. — Co-produced by DLI Productions Inc. and the NFB. — 1988. — 48:41 min. — Col. — Original production in English

Children of War. — 1987. — 25:20 min. — Col.

A Love Affair with Politics: A Portrait of Marion Dewar. — 1987. — 26:45 min. — Col.

A Writer in the Nuclear Age: A Conversation with Margaret Laurence. — 1986. — 9:10 min. — Col. — Also available in a video compilation Images for a Peaceful Planet

Dark Lullabies. — Co-produced by D.L.I. Productions and the NFB. — 1985. — 81:20 min. — Col.

Speaking Our Peace. — 1985. — 55:19 min. — Col.

Not a Love Story: A Film about Pornography. — 1981. — 68:40 min. — Col. — French version: C'est surtout pas de l'amour : un film sur la pornographie. — 1982

The Right Candidate for Rosedale. — 1979. — 32:52 min. — Col.

Patricia's Moving Picture. — 1978. — 25:50 min. — Col.

Harmonie. — 1977. — 19:38 min. — Col. — Bilingual (French /English)

A Working Chance. — 1976. — 22:10 min. — Col. — French version: Du coeur à l'ouvrage

Citizens' Medicine / La clinique des citoyens. — 1970. — 30:18 min. — B&W. — English and French original films

VTR St-Jacques. — 1970. — 26:25 min. — B&W. — English version of original production Opération boule de neige. — 1969

Little Burgundy. — 30:08 min. — B&W. — 1968. — English adaptation of La p'tite bourgogne

Organizing for Power: The Alinsky Approach. — 1968. — Series of five films: People and Power; Deciding to Organize; Building an Organization; Through Conflict to Negotiation; A Continuing Responsibility

Challenge for Change. — 1968. — 24:21 min. — B&W

Introduction to Fogo Island. — 1968. — 16:35 min. — B&W

Klein also worked on the following films in various roles: writer, director, co-producer, editor, production manager, researcher, and camera work:

Community Mental Health Series [three docu-dramas]. — Produced by George C. Stoney Associates for Hoffman-LaRoche Drug Company. — New York : Stoney Associates, 1965-66. — B&W

For All My Students. — Produced by Stanford University for the U.S. Office of Education. — Palo Alto : Stanford University, 1966. — 30 min. — B&W

Last-Chance Children. — Produced by the Anti-Defamation League. — New York : Anti-Defamation League, 1966. — B&W

One Fine Day. — Produced by George C. Stoney Associates for the American Heart Association. — New York : Stoney Associates, 1966. — B&W

Resources

Bemrose, John. "A Feminist Approach to Peace." Maclean's. Vol. 98 (17 June 1985), p. 55.

"Bonnie and Michael Klein." Pamela Wallin Live. Executive producer, Jack Fleischmann; producers, Mary Lynk, et al. Interviewed by Pamela Wallin, January 13, 1997. Toronto: Current Affairs Group in association with CBC Newsworld, 1997. VHS.

Bonnie Klein. Host, June Callwood; producer, Jacqueline Barley; director, Tim Wolochatiuk; executive producers, Peter Flemington and Jim Hanley; produced for Vision TV by Contact Communications in association with Sleeping Giant Productions. National Treasures Series, Season III, Episode Four, October 9, 1993. [Toronto]: Vision TV, 1993. VHS.

"Bonnie Sherr Klein." In Take One's Essential Guide to Canadian Film. Edited by Wyndham Wise. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, ©2001, p. 117.

Burgess, Diane. "Leaving Gender Aside: The Legacy of Studio D?" In Women Filmmakers: Refocusing. Edited by Jacqueline Levitin, Judith Plessis and Valerie Raoul. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002, p. 418-433.

"Canada AM." Interview with Bonnie Sherr Klein. Interviewed by Valerie Pringle, January 14, 1997. [Toronto: CTV, 1997]. VHS.

Caverni, Monique. "Réflexions en vrac d'une spectatrice." In Femmes et cinéma québécois. Montréal: Boréal Express, 1983, p. 133-140.

"CBC Midday." Interview with Bonnie Sherr Klein. Interviewed by Tina Srebotnjak, January 13, 1997. [Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1997]. VHS.

[Corupe, Paul]? "Not a Love Story." Canuxploitation: Your Complete Guide to Canadian B-Film. www.canuxploitation.com/review/love.html (accessed April 6, 2006).

Delaney, Marshall. "Hard-Core Dilemma: In a New NFB Film Two Women Graphically Point Up the Problem Liberals Face in Dealing with Pornography." Saturday Night. Vol. 96, no. 10 (November 1981), p. 79-80.

Elder, R. Bruce. "Two Journeys: A Review of Not a Love Story." Journal of Canadian Studies / Revue d'études canadiennes. Vol. 17, no. 4 (Winter 1982-1983), p. 125-129. Reprinted in Take Two, edited by Seth Feldman. Toronto: Irwin Publishing, 1984, p. 236-243.

Evans, Gary. In the National Interest: A Chronicle of the National Film Board of Canada from 1949 to 1989. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, ©1991.

Feldman, Seth. "Fashions in Ontario's Censorship." Canadian Forum. Vol. 62, no. 720 (August 1982), p. 40-41.

Georgakas, Dan. "An Interview with Bonnie Sherr Klein and Lindalee Tracey." Cinéaste. Vol. 12, no. 3 (1983), p. 6-10.

Goldsmith, David. "Bonnie Sherr Klein." In The Documentary Makers: Interviews with 15 of the Best in the Business. Hove, East Sussex, England: RotoVision, 2003, chapter 6, p. 64-76.

Hénaut, Dorothy Todd. "Implicating People in the Process of Change: Canada's New Kind of Film Making." Film Library Quarterly. Vol. 2, no. 4 (Fall 1969), p. 44-47.

Houle, Michel. "Sur quelques films québecois récents." Le temps fou. No. 17 (November-December 1981), p. 46-47.

Jones, D.B. "Brave New Film Board." In North of Everything: English-Canadian Cinema since 1980. Edited by William Beard and Jerry White. Edmonton, Alberta: University of Alberta Press, ©2002, p. 19-45.

Klein, Bonnie Sherr. The Art of Disability: Some Ideas about Creativity, Health and Rehabilitation. John F. McCreary Lecture Series (October 11, 2000). Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 2001. Also available online at [PDF 65 KB]
www.philia.ca/files/pdf/bskdisability.pdf (accessed October 7, 2005).
(available in English only)

Klein, Bonnie Sherr. Bonnie & Gladys. Written and narrated by Bonnie Sherr Klein. Producer, Nancy Watson; associate producer, Joe Mullin; technician, John Lewis. Four-part documentary series broadcast on the CBC radio program Morningside, October 1994. Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1994. 2 cassettes.

Klein, Bonnie Sherr. "Convocation Address." Speech given at Ryerson University, Faculty of Community Services on June 10, 2003. PHILIA: A Dialogue on Citizenship. [PDF 53 KB]
www.philia.ca/files/pdf/bskaddress.pdf (accessed October 7, 2005).
(available in English only)

Klein, Bonnie Sherr. Finding My Place: A Journey into the World of Disability. Produced by Peter Leo. First broadcast on CBC radio program Sunday Morning, October 11, 1992. Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1993.

Klein, Bonnie Sherr. "Illusions and Realities in the Media." Canadian Woman Studies / Les cahiers de la femme. Vol. 8, no. 1 (Spring 1987), p. 71-74. Reprinted in Gwynne Dyer, Bonnie Sherr Klein, Jeffrey Simpson. "The Media: Their Role in Peace Studies." McGill Journal of Education. Vol. 22, no. 3 (Fall 1987), p. 274-280.

Klein, Bonnie Sherr. Out of the Blue: One Woman's Story of Stroke, Love, and Survival. Berkeley, California: Wildcat Canyon Press, 2000.

Klein, Bonnie Sherr. Slow Dance: A Story of Stroke, Love, and Disability. In collaboration with Persimmon Blackbridge. Toronto: Knopf Canada, ©1997.

Klein, Bonnie Sherr. Slow Dance: A Story of Stroke, Love, and Disability. In collaboration with Persimmon Blackbridge. Berkeley, California: PageMill Press, ©1998.

Klein, Bonnie Sherr. "We Are Who You Are: Feminism and Disability." Ms Magazine. Vol. 3 (November-December 1992), p. 70-74. Reprinted in Abilities. No. 14 (Spring 1993), p. 22-26. Reprinted in Women, Law, and Social Change: Core Readings and Current Issues. Edited by T. Brettel Dawson. 2d ed. Canadian Legal Studies Series. North York, Ontario: Captus Press, 1993. p. 27-30. Also available online at www.enablelink.org/women/wom_articles.html?showwomen=1 (accessed February 6, 2004).

Lerner, Loren. Canadian Film and Video: A Bibliography and Guide to the Literature / Film et vidéo canadiens : bibliographie analytique sur le cinéma et la vidéo. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997.

Levitin, Jacqueline. "Contrechamp sur les démarches de quelques réalisatrices." In Femmes et cinéma québécois. Montréal: Boréal Express, 1983, p. 225-245.

McHugh, Alexandra. "Une ex-cinéaste américaine au Québec : Bonnie Sherr Klein." Copie zéro. No. 6 (1980), p. 27-30.

McLellan, Wendy. " 'Physician Family Member' a Tough Role to Play." The Medical Post. Vol. 33, no. 8 (February 25, 1997), p. 29.

News Clips: Special Edition - A Short Selection of Press Clippings Not a Love Story: A Film about Pornography. = Revue de presse. [Montréal]: National Film Board of Canada, [1980 or 1981].

The NFB Film Guide: The Productions of the National Film Board of Canada from 1939 to 1989. Editor-in-chief, Donald W. Bidd. Montréal: The Board, ©1991.

Panitch, Melanie. "Honours for an Activist: Bonnie Sherr Klein Receives Honorary Doctorate." Abilities. No. 56 (Fall 2003), p. 33. Also available online at www.enablelink.org/education/edu_articles.html?showeducation=1 (accessed February 6, 2004).

Press Clips, Aug. 27-Sept. 28/81: Not a Love Story: A Film about Pornography. [Montréal]: National Film Board of Canada, [1980 or 1981].

Rich, B. Ruby. "Anti-Porn: Soft Issue, Hard World." In Gendering the Nation: Canadian Women's Cinema. Edited by Kay Armatage, et al. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, ©1999, p. 62-75.

Schwartz, Susan. "New Film, Mile Zero, Mirrors Her Fight for Life: Love, Laughter and Prayer Helped Filmmaker Bonnie Sherr Klein in Her Battle with Paralysis." The Gazette. (December 9, 1988), p. B5, section, "Living."

Simard-Oezimer, Françoise and Danielle Debbas. "La pornographie, faire la lumière." La gazette des femmes. Vol. 4, no. 4 (October 1982), p. 10-14.

Spaner, David. "Klein Brings Passion As a Juror: Inspired by NFB to Make Films, She's Judging Fest's Best Documentary." The Province. (October 11, 2002), p. B17, section E, "Entertainment Today."

Spencer, Metta. "The Filming of Mile Zero: An Interview with Bonnie Sherr Klein, Alison Carpenter, Maxime Faille, Seth Klein, and Desirée McGraw." Peace Magazine. Vol. 5, issue 1 (February-March 1989), p. 8-10.

Szporer, Philip. "Taking Off: Not a Love Story in Distribution." Cinema Canada. No. 86 (July 1982), p. 16-17.

Vitone, Phil. "Communications and Journalism: N.F.B. and Not a Love Story." Cine-Tracts. Vol. 4, no. 4 (Winter 1982), p. 7-16.

Wollheim, Peter. "A Dissenting Opinion." Canadian Forum. Vol. 62, no. 721 (September 1982), p. 26-27.

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