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Treaties, Surrenders and Agreements

By John Leslie


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Terminology and Conventions

The documents in the ITS collection have a number of distinctive notations or markings. (8)

indicates the text reproduces another; copies may be hand produced or lithographed, for example, ITS 239 (IT numbers 346, 347 and 348).

his mark
often a cross or other device inscribed by an Aboriginal signatory to indicate acceptance of a treaty or other transaction; the name is written beside or flanking the mark.

LS (loc sigil)
abbreviation indicating the presence of a wax or wafer seal on the original document; the letters L.S. may be written within a circle.

manuscript original
indicates the document is an original.

denotes the presence of a wax seal next to a signature or mark.

indicates the document is a copy; the name was a signature on the original document.

a totemic clan or personal symbol drawn by an Aboriginal signatory to a treaty, surrender or deed. In this collection, the symbol is often an animal, bird or fish.

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