Camera Workers: The British Columbia, Alaska & Yukon Photographic Directory, 1858-1950 - B - Volume 1 (1858-1900)

© 1999-2002 By David Mattison

Updated: 2002.11.19.



NAME: Badlam, Maude (Miss).
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Alaska.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: July 1889.
STATUS: Amateur (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A passenger on the cruise ship Ancon to Glacier Bay, Alaska, she photographed a mirage at Muir Glacier on July 23, 1889. Her father[?] published this image in Chapter 10 of his book The Wonders of Alaska (1891). Also reproduced in this chapter are the purportedly mirage images taken in 1888 and 1889 respectively by R.G. Willoughby and one of the I.W. Taber & Co. photographers.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Badlam (1891).

NAME: Baer, Walter Wesley.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 434 Princess St./1894-1895.
WORK INTERVAL: 1894-1895.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A minister at Methodist Church, Westminster Rd. near South Vancouver brickyards (opened January 1894), and at the Princess St. Methodist Church (1894-1895). A promoter of the Vancouver Camera Club, he gave lantern slide shows with local views in January and December 1894. He lived in Victoria after the turn of the century.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: News-Advertiser, 1894 01 10/1; 1894 12 12/8; 1895 04 21/8; WIL94; WIL95; Pierce (1985); Voters List, 1893, Victoria City (Baer, W. Wesley).

NAME: Bailey, Charles S. C.S. Bailey portrait courtesy of W.J. Bailey
LIFE DATES: 1869 06 07-1896 11 29.
BIRTHPLACE: Creemore, ON.
PLACE OF DEATH: Kamloops.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 113 Carrall St./1887-1888 ; 227 Hastings St./1888-1890 ; 176 Cordova St. (see also 160 Cordova St.)/1890-1894 ; 160 Cordova St. (see also 158-162 Cordova St.)/1890-1894 ; 158-162 Cordova St./1892-1894 ; 138 Cordova St./1894-1895.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Westminster Ave./1887-1888 ; Seymour St. between Davie and Drake/1888-1891 ; 1109 Seymour St./1892-1895 ; Kamloops/1895-1896.
WORK INTERVAL: 1887-1895.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He arrived in Vancouver in the winter of 1887-1888 and operated as C. S. Bailey & Co. with F. V. Bingham and E. Straube, until 1889. He then formed a partnership with H.G. Neelands as Bailey & Neelands which lasted for little more than a year. The partnership was succeeded by that of the Bailey Brothers which consisted of C. S. and William Bailey, 1890+. C. S. Bailey married Jennie Johnstone on September 4, 1895 and moved to Kamloops the following month. There is no record of his practicing photography after his move there. Though he was ill for most of the remainder of his life, he is credited with managing the Kamloops branch of the Bailey Bros. Ltd. store. He may have been the first professional photographer from Canada to visit Hawaii (January-May 1895); his motive was pleasure and not business. Coincidentally, one of his travelling companions was E. A. Hegg who later achieved international fame as a photographer of the Klondike gold rush. Both photographed together on a tour of Oahu. C. S. Bailey's death at the age of 27 cut short a promising career.
COLLECTIONS: BVA, BVAA, and HSA (all known negatives).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see C. S. Bailey & Co.; Bailey & Neelands; Bailey Bros.
REFERENCES: Various Vancouver, Kamloops and Hawaii newspapers, 1886-1896; WIL88; HEN89; WIL90; WIL91; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; Mattison (1980 05):17-28; Mattison (1982); Mattison (1990b).

NAME: Bailey, William.
LIFE DATES: 1865 02 22-1936 or 1937.
BIRTHPLACE: Creemore, ON.
PLACE OF DEATH: North Vancouver?
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 160 Cordova St. (see also 158-162 Cordova St.)/1890-1894 ; 158-162 Cordova St./1892-1894 ; 138 Cordova St./1894-1901.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 1109 Seymour St./1892-1901.
WORK INTERVAL: 1890-1892?
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He arrived in Vancouver in December 1890 to join his brother Charles as the Bailey Bros. Although he generally managed the business affairs of the company, he did on occasion take photographs.
COLLECTIONS: see Bailey Bros.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Bailey Bros.
REFERENCES: Various Vancouver and Winnipeg newspapers; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HEN97; WIL97; WIL99; HEN99; HEN00; see also Bailey, Charles S.

NAME: Bailey & Neelands.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 227 Hastings St./1889-1890 ; 176 Cordova St./1890.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889-1890.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Established in the summer 1889 by C.S. Bailey and H.G. Neelands, the partnership was dissolved in December 1890 and succeeded by that of the Bailey Bros. Neelands moved to Nelson with his brother James and established with him the photographic firm of the Neelands Bros.
COLLECTIONS: BVA and BVAA (glass negatives and prints).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: prints usually numbered, captioned and marked "Bailey and Neelands, Photographers, Vancouver, B.C."; print mount may be marked "Bailey & Neelands Vancouver, B.C."
REFERENCES/ADVERTISING AND SOURCES (IMAGES): Various Vancouver newspapers; WIL90; WIL91; Bailey & Neelands (1889); see also Bailey, Charles S.

NAME: Bailey Brothers.
VARIANT: Bailey Brothers Company, Limited.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Kamloops.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 160 Cordova St. (see also 158-162 Cordova St.)/1890-1894 ; 158-162 Cordova St./1892-1894 ; 138 Cordova St./1894-1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1890-1898.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This partnership was formed in December 1890 when William moved to Vancouver from Winnipeg and replaced H. G. Neelands in the Bailey & Neelands partnership. The company dealt not only in photographs but also in books and stationery supplies. After 1898 the firm is no longer listed as photographers in the classified business directory for Vancouver. On September 4, 1895 Bailey Brothers Company, Limited was registered under the 1890 Companies' Act. The principals in the company were the brothers and their brother-in-law Joseph Coupland.
COLLECTIONS: BVA and BVAA (glass negatives and prints).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: prints may be numbered, captioned and marked "Bailey Bros., Photo., Vancouver, B.C."; "Bailey Bros." on print; "Bailey Bros. Co'y Ltd. Vancouver and Kamloops, B.C." on front of print mount.
REFERENCES: Various Vancouver and Kamloops newspapers; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HEN97; WIL97; see also Bailey, Charles S.


Bailey Brothers Company, Limited see Bailey Brothers.


NAME: Baker, ---.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Camp McKinney.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1900.
STATUS: Commercial?.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Half-tone reproductions marked "Baker Photo" were published in The Mining Record.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see above.
REFERENCES: The Mining Record (1900 08):293-300.

NAME: Baker, William Peacock.
LIFE DATES: 1841 __ __-1942 04 01.
BIRTHPLACE: Owen Sound, ON.
PLACE OF DEATH: Vancouver.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 59 ¼ Government St./1898-1900 ; 59 ½ Government St./1899.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 204 Pandora Ave./1898-1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1898-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: According to an article two years before his death, he took up photography in Oakville, Ontario, after injuring his hands. He came to BC in 1890, first to Victoria, then moved to Vancouver.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA (photo no. HP006518).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "W. P. Baker, Photographer, Victoria, B.C." on verso of portrait.
REFERENCES: HEN98; HEN99; WIL99; HEN00; Voters List, 1898; Province, 1940 12 14/16; 1942 04 02/9 (obit.); Sun, 1942 04 04/25 (obit.).


NAME: Baldwin, Clyde.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE:
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL:
STATUS:
SUMMARY: Official photographer to the __________________________________.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Grinnell (Gold Hunting in Alaska in Alaska Journal, 1983).
NAME: Bale, G.C.
VARIANT: Gold Star Studio.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Dawson, Yukon.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Dawson/1898.
WORK INTERVAL: 1898.
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY: He operated the Gold Star Studio in conjunction with the artist Gustaf Nordblom.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Klondike Nugget, 1898 07 23/end page (ad).

NAME: Ballard, C.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster?.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1893.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He won a prize at ... [source to be checked].
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: World, 1893 10 04/5.

NAME: Baltzly, Benjamin.
LIFE DATES: 1835 04 05-1883 07 10.
BIRTHPLACE: Sugar Creek Township, Tuscarawas County, OH.
PLACE OF DEATH: Cambridge, MA.
WHERE ACTIVE: B.C. ; Montreal, PQ ; Cambridge, MA.
WORK INTERVAL: 1871.
STATUS: Commercial (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Employed by William Notman, Baltzly was seconded to a Geological Survey of Canada expedition which arrived in Victoria in July 1871 and subsequently journeyed up the Fraser and Thompson rivers as far as the Yellowhead Pass. Baltzly's journal of his part in the expedition was published in the Montreal Gazette in 1872 and reprinted in Birrell's biography. Baltzly worked for Notman from May 1870 to July 1875 and from May 1876 to August 1877.
COLLECTIONS: OOA; QMMMCM.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: prints usually captioned and/or marked with the Notman imprint.
REFERENCES: Birrell (1978).


Bangen, Simon see Baugen, Simon.
NAME: Banks, H.D.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Dalton Trail (Pyramid Harbor, Lynn Canal, AK to Fort Selkirk, Yukon).
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1898.
STATUS:
SUMMARY: He accompanied members of a group travelling to the Yukon known as the "Mysterious 36".
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: Yukon Archives (MM Collection).
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Cohen (1977).


NAME: Barley, Harrie or Harry C.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Skagway, AK; Whitehorse, Yukon (branch); Yukon Territory; White Pass & Yukon Railway line; Atlin, BC.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Fourth Ave. between Broadway & Spring Sts., Skagway/1898-1899; corner Broadway & Fourth Ave., Skagway/ca. 1899 06-1901; Whitehorse/1901-19__.
WORK INTERVAL: 1898-1901.
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY: Official photographer to the White Pass & Yukon Railway (1898-1900) over its 110 mile line from Skagway to Whitehorse, he had an advantage similar to some of his contemporaries a decade earlier whom the Canadian Pacific Railway commissioned to ride the rails and in some cases even outfitted the photographer with a special photographic darkroom car. The Whitehorse branch studio was overseen by Jerry Doody.
Minter, a WP&YR executive, recounted in his history that Barley was not particularly liked by the construction crews because he took dangerous risks and injured himself at least once by getting too close to a blasting site, promising that he would "stuff the echo" if the contractor put him close enough to the blast (p.223).
Barley photographed in the Atlin area during the gold rush there in 1899-1900.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: BCARS; YA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: Print surface usually titled, sometimes dated and signed "H.C. Barley [place]" or "H.C. Barley".
REFERENCES: Minter (1987); Grainger (Directory Alaska Postcards, 1992); Dobrowolsky & Ingram (1994); Grainger "Yukon Postcards Checklist" (n.d.).
NAME: Barraclough, W. H.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Chilliwack.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1896.
STATUS: Commercial?
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: BVIPA photo no. HP016181.

NAME: Bart, C.W.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Seattle, Wash. ; Vancouver ; Rossland ; Nelson.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 55 Cordova St. (Sullivan Block)/1895-1896.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 911 Howe St./1896.
WORK INTERVAL: 1895-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A partner with D. T. Smith in Seattle in 1889 (Smith & Bart), he had opened the Popular Photo Parlour in Vancouver by 1895. He then moved to Rossland and worked there about 1897. He was last located in Nelson where he worked for the Wadds Bros. about 1900.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "C. W. Bart, Photo." on print.
REFERENCES: WIL95; HOD96; WIL97; HEN00; BVIPA Seattle prints.


Bartbole, W. see Barthole, W.

NAME: Barthole, W.
VARIANT: Bartbole, W.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 59 Cordova St./1896.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1896.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HOD96; LOV96.

NAME: Bartlett, L. B. (Mrs.).
VARIANT:
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 112 Government St./1885.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Blanshard St./1885.
WORK INTERVAL: 1885.
STATUS: Unknown.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: She worked at the Elite Photo Gallery.
REFERENCES: WIL85.

NAME: Bassett, William P.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 36 Alfred St./1897 ; 37 Caledonia Ave./1899.
WORK INTERVAL: 1898.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He was awarded a prize for the best collection of amateur photos at the New Westminster Provincial Fair in 1898. He worked as a travelling salesman for a fruit preserving company, O'Kell & Morris, in 1897 and 1899. He was also listed as having worked for the B.C. Jobbing Co. in 1899.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL97; WIL99; HEN99; News-Advertiser, 1898 10 13/5.

NAME: Baugen, Simon.
VARIANT: Bangen, Simon.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Bella Coola.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1896 02-1897.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He attempted to establish a photo studio in the Norwegian colony at Bella Coola but was unsuccessful. After arriving in February 1896, his wife and children joined him the following month. He returned to Crookston, Minnesota, the following summer. Ivar Fougner, who wrote of Baugen in his diary, said on December 26, 1896 (p. 72): “S. Bangen [sic] is determined to leave in the spring. He has taken some splendid photoes [sic] and intend to get more. I think I shall have him take the old camp and the interior of my cabin before he leaves.”
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA (I. Fougner collection).
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL97 ["Bangen, S, artist"]; I. Fougner diary (BVIPA E/C/F82a).


B.C. Fine Art Gallery see B.C. Photo & Fine Art Studio.

NAME: B.C. Photo & Fine Art Studio.
VARIANT: B.C. Fine Art Gallery.
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 441 Columbia St./1892-1895.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892-1895.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This studio was managed by S. J. Thompson.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95.

NAME: Beaver Photograph Gallery.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 130 Cordova St./1893.
WORK INTERVAL: 1893.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Managed by David Ferguson, the newspaper ad announcing its opening read in part ”Just opened The Beaver Photograph Gallery next to Public Reading Room 130 Cordova St. All modern appliances, Prices moderate, Satisfaction guaranteed.”
COLLECTIONS: BVAA (MILLS P. 61).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "The Beaver Studio" on verso of print.
REFERENCES: News-Advertiser, 1893 02 21/1; World, 1893 03 23/6.


Beecher, C.M. see Vancouver Camera Club.

NAME: Benedict, Neal D.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Valdez, AK.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1898 08 26.
STATUS:
SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Alaska State Library (1995).

NAME: Benson, Alfred Robson. Dr. Benson and his wife; image Courtesy of BC Archives - Call Number: B-00931.
LIFE DATES: 1815? __ __-[before] 1909 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE: Whitby, Yorkshire, UK.
PLACE OF DEATH: Whitby, Yorkshire, UK.
WHERE ACTIVE: Nanaimo.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1860.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: The son of William and Elizabeth Benson, he was christened on November 24, 1815 at his birthplace. He arrived in in BC 1849 and served as a physician at various Hudson's Bay Company forts and towns, including Victoria, Nanaimo (1857-1862), and Vancouver, Washington. Francis G. Claudet met him at Nanaimo and utilized some of the doctor's equipment to obtain a view of Nanaimo between June 11 and 22, 1860. Mount Benson near Nanaimo was named in 1859 after him.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Christening, FamilySearch International Genealogical Index (http://www.familysearch.org); BVIPA, Claudet papers, A/E/C57/C57 (letter, F.G. Claudet to Mary Claudet, 1860 06 22); BVIPA, Benson papers; Smith (1975); Walbran (1971):48.

NAME: Benson, O.B.
VARIANT NAME: Benson, Bennett.
LIFE DATES:  1849? __ __.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Nelson ; Ainsworth ; Revelstoke.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Main St. (Revelstoke)/1891 08 01-22.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1891.
STATUS: Commercial (itinerant).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Newspaper references placed him in Nelson (May 1891); Ainsworth (possibly in June 1891); and Revelstoke (August 1891). He is recorded in the 1891 Canadian census as Bennett Benson, age 42, and single; his parents were born in Norway and his religion is Lutheran.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: 1891 Canada Census, Yale District, BC (Living Landscapes: Thompson/Okanagan Web site: http://royal.okanagan.bc.ca/census/index.html); (Nelson) Miner, 1891 05 23/8; (Revelstoke) Kootenay Star, 1891 08 01/4.

NAME: Bentley, Wesley D.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 32 Government St./1895.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 171 Pandora Ave./1895.
WORK INTERVAL: 1895.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He managed the Berlin Portrait Co.
COLLECTIONS: see Berlin Portrait Co.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Berlin Portrait Co.
REFERENCES: WIL95.

NAME: Berlin Portrait Co.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 32 Government St./1895.
WORK INTERVAL: 1895.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This studio was managed by Wesley D. Bentley. One of his photographers was J. Nelkin. Dempsey has the company in Winnipeg in the 1890s? at 213 Rupert West with George Bentley, proprietor, Wesley D. Bentley, assistant manager, and David Fieldman, artist.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL95; Dempsey (1978).

NAME: Berry, ---.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR: 164 Johnson St./1890s.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1890s.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He had a partnership with Edward C. Brooks as Brooks & Berry.
COLLECTIONS: see Brooks & Berry.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Brooks & Berry.
REFERENCES: BVIPA Visual Records accession 198410-005.

NAME: Bessell, Mildred P.
VARIANT:
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 534 Cordova St./1899; 729 Pender St./1899-1901.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 612 Hornby St./1899 ; 79 Hornby St./1899 ; 1000 Howe St./1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899-1901.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: She worked at the Edwards Bros. studio as a photographer in 1899 and then managed her own studio, Bessell & Co.
COLLECTIONS: see Bessell & Co.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Bessell & Co.
REFERENCES: WIL99; HEN99; HEN00; HEN01.

NAME: Bessell & Co.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 729 Pender St./1899-1901.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899-1901.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This studio was managed by Mildred P. Bessell.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN99; HEN00; HEN01.

NAME: Beveridge, Erskine.
LIFE DATES: 1852? __ __-1920 08 10.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: Scotland?.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Kamloops; Victoria; New Westminster.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: Dunfermline, Scotland.
WORK INTERVAL: 1885 05 29-06 08.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This Scottish photographer visited Vancouver on June 3, 1885 on his way around the world. He visited Kamloops on May 29-30, New Westminster on June 2, and Victoria on June 4-8. He was a linen manufacturer in Dunfermline and an antiquarian of wide-ranging interests. His son published a memorial edition of his photographs reproduced by the collotype process.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Beveridge (1922); Letter, Central Library, Edinburgh, to Henri Robideau, 1975 07 10 (BVA reference).

NAME: Biggart, Percy A.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 516 Cordova St./1891-1892 ; Cordova St./1895.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Oppenheimer St./1891 ; 605 Oppenheimer St./1892 ; 334 Cordova E. St./1895.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892-1895.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He worked as a clerk at the Vancouver Photo Co. then as a photographer at the same address in 1892. Although not listed in the 1894 directory, Biggart is listed as a photographer in the 1895 directory.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN91; WIL92; WIL95.

NAME: Bingham, Fred. V.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Winnipeg, MB ; Emerson, MB ; Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 113 Carrall St./1888.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Brunswick Hotel, Hastings St.
WORK INTERVAL: 1888.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Headquartered in Winnipeg between 1881 and 1887, Bingham formed a partnership with A. B. Thom in 1884. He travelled extensively along the CPR line and described himself as the "Official Photographer C.P.R." By 1888 he was in partnership with C. S. Bailey in Vancouver but disappeared from view after that year.
COLLECTIONS: ACG; BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Fred. V. Bingham, Official Photographer C.P.R. Winnipeg, Man, Room 3, Catherine Block, Corner King and Alexander Streets" on mount (BVIPA photo no. HP009812).
REFERENCES: WIL88; (Calgary) Herald, 1886 11 06/3 (3 references); 1886 11 20/3; 1886 11 27/3; Vancouver News, 1886 12 07/3.

NAME: Blackett, Cuthbert (Bert or Burt).
LIFE DATES: 1837 02 15-1925 05 06.
BIRTHPLACE: Stockton-on-Tees, UK.
PLACE OF DEATH: Victoria.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 302 Cordova St./1892-1893.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Westminster Ave./1891 ; 211 Westminster Ave./1892 ; 302 Oppenheimer St./1893 ; 83 Superior St./1895.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892-1893; 1895.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: According to his obituary he came to Canada in 1887 and moved to Victoria in 1889 after two years in Winnipeg. He moved to Vancouver and was listed as a clerk at Trueman & Caple in 1891, then served as their photographer during the next two years. He moved back to Victoria and worked as a labourer, then went back to photography in 1895. After leaving photography he went to the Omineca district to mine gold on Germansen Creek (1896) and also prospected in the Yukon.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN91; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; (Victoria) Times, 1925 05 07 (obit.).

NAME: Blackie, E. M. (Miss).
VARIANT:
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Mary St. and Esquimalt Rd./1897.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Catherine St., Rose Cottage.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Commercial (assistant).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: She worked for her father or brother, W. G. Blackie (Blackie's Studio).
REFERENCES: WIL97.


Blackie, W. Gowrlie or Gourlie W. see Blackie, William Gourlie.


NAME: Blackie, William Gourlie.
VARIANT: Blackie, W. Gowrlie or Gourlie W.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Mary St. and Esquimalt Rd./1895-1899.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Mary St./1895 ; Catherine St., Rose Cottage/1897-1899.
WORK INTERVAL: 1895-1899.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He operated Blackie's Studio.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "W. Gourlie Blackie, Photographic Artist, Victoria West, B.C." on verso of print (BVIPA photo no. HP080024).
REFERENCES: WIL95; HEN97; WIL97; HEN98; HEN99; WIL99; Voters List, 1898.

NAME: Blackie's Studio.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Mary St. and Esquimalt Rd.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This studio was managed by W. G. Blackie.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL97.

NAME: Blacklin, ---.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Fort St., next to Central School.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1862 10-?.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This person was a partner in the firm of Blacklin & Bristow .
COLLECTIONS: see Blacklin & Bristow.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Blacklin & Bristow.
REFERENCES: Colonist, 1862 10 23/2.

NAME: Blacklin & Bristow.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Fort St., next to Central School.
WORK INTERVAL: 1862 10-?
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A single newspaper ad was the only evidence of this firm's existence.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES/ADVERTISING AND SOURCES (IMAGES): Colonist, 1862 10 23/2.

NAME: Blair, William.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 60 Yates St./1900.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Michigan and Menzies St./1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Listed as an artist in the 1892 and 1899 directories, he showed up as a photographer and an artist in the 1900 directory.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Wm. Blair, 60 Yates St. Victoria, B.C." on print mount.
REFERENCES: WIL92; HEN99; HEN00.

NAME: Blake, A. E.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 52 Government St./1898-1899.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1898-1899.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This person was a partner in Blake & Rodier.
COLLECTIONS: see Blake & Rodier.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Blake & Rodier.
REFERENCES: HEN98; WIL99.

NAME: Blake & Rodier.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 52 Government St./1898-1899.
WORK INTERVAL: 1898-1899.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This was a partnership of A. E. Blake and George Rodier, described as photo and portrait artists.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN98; WIL99.

NAME: Blanc, Louis A.
VARIANT: LeBlanc, L.A.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria ; Richfield ; Barkerville.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Government St., opposite St. Nicholas Hotel (Victoria) ; Main St., W. side (Barkerville).
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1865-1872.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Prior to moving to Victoria, Blanc worked as a jeweller/watchmaker in Olympia, Washington, in August 1859. Having sold his Victoria studio in October 1865, Blanc's next appeared in Richfield in 1867 where he opened his gallery at the end of June. In May 1868 he opened another studio in Barkerville which was destroyed in the fire that September. In addition to his photography business, Blanc had also worked as a jeweller in Victoria as early as November 1860. While in Barkerville he sold by lottery a batch of jewellery in May 1868. He reopened his Barkerville studio in October or November and continued to operate in Barkerville until he disposed of his stock at auction in late August 1872. He left Barkerville by Barnard's Express on September 29, 1872. The Cariboo Sentinel moved into the building which had housed his studio in October 1872. Some of his photographs were published as engravings in the Canadian Illustrated News by the Cariboo Sentinel in March 1872.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "L. A. Blanc, Photographer, Barkerville, B.C." or "L. A. Blanc, Photographic Gallery, Barkerville, B.C." on verso of cartes-de-visite; "L. A. Blanc, Barkerville, B.C." on front of carte-de-visite.
REFERENCES/ADVERTISING AND SOURCES (IMAGES): (Olympia) Pioneer and Democrat, 1859 08 19/3; Colonist, 1865 10 10/2; Cariboo Sentinel, 1867 07 01/2 ; 1868 05 05/1 and 3; 1870 03 12; 1872 03 02/3; 1872 08 31/3; 1872 09 28/3; 1872 10 26/3; MAL69; MAL71.

NAME: Bland, Fred Johnson.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Whonnock.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1899-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Dempsey shows him in Winnipeg at 436 Main St. in 1888-1889 as a partner with H. Veasey.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL99; HEN00; Dempsey (1978).

NAME: Blane, H.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vernon.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1896.
STATUS: Commercial (itinerant).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He visited Vernon in April 1896 and may be the same person as J.H. Blome.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Letter, Vernon Museum & Archives to Mattison, 1981 11 06.


NAME: Blankenberg, John M.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Alaska; Dawson, Yukon.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Dawson/1901.
WORK INTERVAL: early 1900s.
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY: His studio in one photograph has a sign "Views of Alaska and Yukon Terr." This image was taken at a July 4 celebration in an unidentified town (Yukon Archives photo no. 2973).
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: UAA-Wahte Collection No. 64-34-32 (Yukon Archives photo no. 2973).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: Print surface captioned and signed "Blankenberg Photo."
REFERENCES: Yukon Archives photo no. 2973; Dawson Directory & Gazetteer (1901).


NAME: Bliss, Henry Anson.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE/WHEN ACTIVE: B.C.; Dawson, Yukon/1897 10+-.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR:
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: An accountant, he accompanied Minister of the Interior, Clifford Sifton, and Major James Walsh, administrator of the Yukon district, on a trip to the Yukon in 1897. Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, later Premier of British Columbia, was also a member of this group and referred to Bliss's photographic efforts twice in letters to his father.
In the 1901 Dawson business directory, H.A. Bliss is listed as "asst license inspector". Identified in two photographs as "Capt. Bliss" (Yukon Archives photo no. 401 and 2056). In the former he is seated in front of the Mining Inspector's cabin, Caribou Village, Dominion Creek, 1900; the latter a group of men are watching gold ingots being poured with Capt. Bliss seated wearing a brim hat and smoking a cigarette, 1900.
Photographs taken by Bliss were published in Green (1982).
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES: BCARS George Robson Pattullo papers, Add.MSS. 1188 (letters dated 1897 11 18 and 1897 12 05); 1901 Canada Census; Dawson Directory & Gazetteer (1901).


Blome, J.W. see Blome, John Henry.


NAME: Blome, John Henry.
VARIANT: Blome, J. W.
LIFE DATES: 18__ __ __-1902 02 25.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: Grand Forks.
WHERE ACTIVE: Ashcroft ; Vernon ; Clinton ; Canmore?, AB ; Kamloops ; Grand Forks.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Bridge St.? (Grand Forks)/1900.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1895-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He operated as a photographer in Ashcroft in the 1895-1896 period and appeared in Kamloops for a short time beginning in November 1898. He also worked in Clinton and travelled throughout the Okanagan and Nicola valleys. Dempsey shows a Blome working as an itinerant in Canmore in September 1896. Blome's obituary called him "an artist of more than average ability."
COLLECTIONS: BVA; BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "J. H. Blome, Ashcroft, B.C." or "J. H. Blome, Clinton, B.C." on either front or verso of print mounts.
REFERENCES: (Kamloops) Inland Sentinel, 1898 11 04/4; 1898 12 30/4; Grand Fork News, 1902 02 15/06; 1902 03 01/03; Merchant's Agency Red Book (1896); HEN00; Dempsey (1978).

NAME: Bloomfield, Charles E.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1900.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A member of the Arts and Crafts Association, he and his brother worked for their father in the stained glass firm of Henry Bloomfield & Sons. James Bloomfield was also a member of the Arts and Crafts Association.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: BVAA, Arts and Crafts Association, Add.MSS. 142; Bingham (1985).

NAME: Boas, Franz.
LIFE DATES: 1858 07 09-1942 12 21.
BIRTHPLACE: Minden, Westphalia.
PLACE OF DEATH: New York, NY.
WHERE ACTIVE: Comox ; Cowichan.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: see references.
WORK INTERVAL: 1886.
STATUS: Amateur (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Boas, regarded as one of the founders of modern anthropology, learned photography in Berlin from Hermann Wilhelm Vogel (1854-1898), a photochemist and inventor who worked with sensitizing photographic film to the colours of the spectrum. On his first field trip to BC, Boas took pictures of the Cowichan people. On a later trip in 1888-1889 it is believed he used the skills of O. C. Hastings whom Boas also employed in November 1894 at Fort Rupert. In 1888 Boas also hired E. C. Brooks who was photographing canneries and sawmills along the Skeena River. Boas knew S. A. Spencer who had retired from photography by the late 1880s, but had married Annie Hunt, a Kwakiutl and sister of George Hunt, one of Boas' most important informants and a photographer himself beginning in 1901. Hunt would later figure prominently in E. S. Curtis' Kwakiutl work.
COLLECTIONS: AMNH; NAA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Kroeber (1943):5-26; Jacknis (1984):2-60; Cole (1999).

NAME: Bodurtha, ---.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Esquimalt ; Victoria.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: Zealous (HM Ship).
WORK INTERVAL: 1866-1869?.
STATUS: Institutional (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: The verso of a carte de visite portrait of Mrs. T. S. Dobbin (nee Dorothea McKenzie) identified this man as a photographer aboard H.M.S. Zealous which was based in Esquimalt during the mid to late 1860s.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Bodurtha, Photographer, H.M. Ship 'Zealous' " on verso of carte-de-visite.
REFERENCES: BVIPA photo no. HP000409.

NAME: Bolt, A. E.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 520 Pender St./1897
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: His address was a boarding house; he probably worked for one of the studios as a photographer.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL97.


NAME: Bonine, Robert K.
LIFE DATES: 1861 __ __-1923 09 11.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: Honolulu, HI.
WHERE ACTIVE: Chilkoot Pass Trail; Dawson; various gold mines, Yukon.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899-1900.
STATUS: Cinematographer (visit).
SUMMARY: Robert K. Bonine (1861?-1923 09 11) was part of a Pennsylvania photographic family centered in the Tyrone/Philadelphia area and not of Canadian origin as Canadian film historian Peter Morris speculated in Embattled Shadows (reprint, 1992). Robert A. Bonine, his father, photographed the 1889 Johnstown Flood, while a brother, Elias A. Bonine (1843-1916), travelled around the Western US taking stereo photographs which his brother published.
According to Morris, the Edison Manufacturing Company first distributed films in October 1897 that captured the excitement of preparing for the gold rush at a West Coast seaport. At least three films on this topic were shown: "Loading Baggage for Klondike, No. 6"; "Horse Loading for Klondike, No. 9"; and "S.S. "Willamette" Leaving for Klondike". A fourth film, "Klondike Gold Rush Lures Thousands to Seek Fortunes", may also have been shot by Bonine and released by the Edison Manufacturing Company in 1898.
The remaining titles, copyrighted in 1901 and possibly not distributed until then, all depict the rugged conditions facing the gold seeker. Known titles described by film historians Colin Browne and Dennis J. Duffy are "Burro Pack Train on the Chilcoot Pass"; "Miles Cannon Tramway"; "Packers on the Trail"; "Panoramic View from the White Pass Railroad"; "Rocking Gold in the Klondike" and "Washing Gold on 20 Above Hunker, Klondike". According to newspaper articles located by researcher Michael Cirelli, some of these moving pictures were shot in the summer 1899 by Bonine and Thomas Crahan for the 1900 Paris International Exposition.
The White Pass & Yukon Railway film was a genre in itself known as "Phantom Rides" and shot from a platform at the front of a locomotive. The effect must have been thrilling to audiences a century ago as the train silently roared through a tunnel then skirted along a testle clinging to the edge of a bottomless canyon. Morris speculates that Bonine may also have photographed similar rides through the Kicking Horse Canyon and other precipitous scenery along the CPR in December 1901 upon his return from Asia.
Among the other Edison films shot by R.K. Bonine are the coronation of King Edward VII in 1901, the "Arrival of the Governor General, Lord Minto, at Quebec" in February 1902, and an earthquake-ravaged San Francisco in April 1906. He also took extensive footage for the Edison Manufacturing Company in the Hawaiian Islands between June and August 1906 (Bonine filming at Waikiki Beach, Oahu, 1906; photo no._, Baker Collection, Bishop Museum). Paradise of the Pacific magazine reported that he returned to his home in Orange, New Jersey, the company town founded by Edison. Bonine returned to Hawaii in 1908 and lived there until his death where he continued to photograph as well as operate a movie theatre named after himself.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: Library of Congress.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Klondike Nugget, 1899 07 22/4; 1899 08 02/1; 1899 08 23/6; 1899 09 06/8 (all via M. Cirelli); Nelson (19__); Browne (1979); Duffy (1986); Schmidt (1988); Morris (reprint, 1992).

NAME: Bonney, F. L.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Brooklyn.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Lake Front/1898.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1898-1899.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: The Brooklyn News ad read: "F.L. Bonney, Artistic Photographer, Views a Specialty, Lake Front, Brooklyn, B.C."
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Brooklyn News, 1898 10 08/3 (ad); WIL99.

NAME: Boorne, William Hanson.
VARIANT: Boorne & May.
LIFE DATES: 1859 12 03-1945 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE: Bristol, UK.
PLACE OF DEATH: England.
WHERE ACTIVE: Calgary, Alta. ; Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 149 Eleventh Ave. W. (Vancouver)/1894-1895.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: same as business address.
WORK INTERVAL: 1890 05 ; 1894-1895.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A major photographer of Alberta, Boorne opened his studio in Calgary in 1886 with the help of his cousin Ernest Gundry May. The studio was known as Boorne & May and branches were established at Banff and Edmonton. The Calgary headquarters failed in 1893 and Edmonton branch manager C. W. Mathers purchased his part of the business. Boorne moved to Vancouver and was listed as a photographer for one year. The following year his occupation was given as secretary to the B.C. Exploration & Concession Co. Boorne visited Victoria and Vancouver in May 1890 to cover the visit of the Duke and Duchess of Connaught.
COLLECTIONS: ACG; AEPAA; BVA; QMMMCM.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "B/M" monogram on print; "W.H.B." on print; "Boorne & May, Calgary, N.W.T." on print; "Boorne & May, Calgary, N.W.T." may be embossed on print surface; prints usually numbered and captioned. Some prints are credited to C. W. Mathers) and Ernest Brown (1877-1951).
REFERENCES: WIL95; Times, 1890 05 21/8; Colonist, 1890 05 22/1; Dempsey (1978); Koltun (1984).


Boorne and May see Boorne, William Hanson.


NAME: Booth, R. C.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 59 Cordova St./1891 ; 75 Cordova St./1891.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: 59 Cordova St./1892-1893.
WORK INTERVAL: 1891.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Booth went from being a photographer to a building contractor and carpenter. His home address in 1892-1893 was also the business address of T. B. Straiton, but Booth was not listed as working for Straiton.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN91; WIL91; WIL92; WIL93.

NAME: Borel, F. A.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Dunnville, ON ; Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Dunnville, ON/1896-1897 ; 2 Cordova E. St. (Vancouver)/1897.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Commercial Hotel, Vancouver/1897.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Commercial (assistant).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He apparently moved from Dunnville, Ontario, to Vancouver and worked in the latter city at White's Studio.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: LOV97; WIL97.

NAME: Bovill, Wheatley.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Columbia St., opposite Colonial Hotel/1886 ; Columbia St. (Hamley Block)/1889.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Douglas St./1889.
WORK INTERVAL: 1886-1889.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: One of the partners in Thompson & Bovill, his brother William was also a photographer. The two had a brief association as the Bovill Brothers. Wheatley also worked as an architect (Bovill & Ross) and real estate agent. He was married in August 1888 and may have returned to England in 1896.
COLLECTIONS: see Bovill Bros.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Bovill Bros.
REFERENCES: WIL89; HEN90; News-Advertiser, 1888 08 07/6; 1896 04 26/6.

NAME: Bovill, William.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Columbia St., opposite Colonial Hotel/1886 ; Columbia St. (Hamley Block)/1887.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1886-1887.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He was listed as a photographer with Thompson & Bovill in 1887. The previous year he had had a partnership with his brother Wheatley as the Bovill Bros.
COLLECTIONS: see Bovill Bros. and Thompson & Bovill.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Bovill Bros. and Thompson & Bovill.
REFERENCES: MAL87.

NAME: Bovill Brothers.
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Columbia St., opposite Colonial Hotel/1886.
WORK INTERVAL: 1886 08-?.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: An ad in a New Westminster paper announced the opening of their studio in late August 1886. The partnership did not remain in business long enough to be listed in the 1887 business directory.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: British Columbian, 1886 08 28/6.

NAME: Boyden, E.L.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Nanaimo.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: before 1886.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: His studio was purchased by J. W. Sampson in 1886.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA photo no. HP056918.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: MAL87 (n.l.); WIL84 (n.l.); WIL89 (n.l.); Voters List, 1882, 1882-84, 1889 (n.l.); Howay & Scholefield (1914):v.3; 901.

NAME: Brand, Frederick.
LIFE DATES: 1870 03 28 or 1871 10 __-1954 01 20.
BIRTHPLACE: Switzerland.
PLACE OF DEATH: Port Alberni.
WHERE ACTIVE: Port Alberni.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1898-1908.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Brand had lived in Port Alberni since 1892 and may have bought his camera in Alaska about 1898.
COLLECTIONS: BPAM; BVIPA (copies).
REFERENCES: BVIPA Visual Records Photographers File (gives birth date as 1870 03 28); BVIPA Death Registration no. 1954-09-001455 (reel B13218); Letter, D. Bayne to Mattison, 1983 03 01 (gives birth date as 1871 10).


NAME: Brannon, Charlie.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: probably Chilkoot Pass Trail.
WORK INTERVAL: before 12 September 1897.
STATUS: Amateur?.
SUMMARY: Tappan Adney purchased his roll film camera and unused film on Adney's way back to Dyea from Sheep Camp. Adney reported that Brannon was one of the "lucky men who arrived on the Portland." Adney was unclear as to whether Brannon had struck gold, but the young Brannon parted with his camera and film because it was "too much trouble."
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Adney (1900: 108).

NAME: Bridges, D. (Miss).
VARIANT:
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 76 Yates St./1897 .
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 196 View St./1897.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Commercial (assistant).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: She worked for E. J. Eyres' Imperial Studio.
REFERENCES: WIL97.

NAME: Bristow, ---.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Fort St., next to Central School/1862 10-?.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1862 10-?.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He was a partner in Blacklin & Bristow.
COLLECTIONS: see Blacklin & Bristow.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Blacklin & Bristow.
REFERENCES: Colonist, 1862 10 23/2.

NAME: British Columbia Art Store.
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 441 Columbia St./1891.
WORK INTERVAL: 1891.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This studio/store was managed by S. J. Thompson.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN91.

NAME: Brock, John Allan.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Belleville, ON ; Brandon, MB ; Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Cordova and Abbott Sts. (Vancouver)/1886 06 01-06 13 ; Cordova St. (Horne Block)/1886 07 23-08.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1886 06-08.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He established himself in Belleville, Ontario, about 1882, then moved to Brandon, Manitoba, about 1883. His next move took him to Vancouver around May 1886 where he ran J. A. Brock & Co. in partnership with H. T. Devine. Brock apparently returned to Brandon on August 17, 1886 where he ran his old studio until the late 1890s.
COLLECTIONS: see J. A. Brock & Co.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see J. A. Brock & Co.
REFERENCES: Brandon Mail, 1883-1886; Vancouver News, 1886 05-08; Vancouver Daily Advertiser, 1886 06; Letter, Joan Schwartz to Mattison, 1978 01 04; Mattison (1979 11-12).

NAME: Brooks, Edward Coley.
LIFE DATES: 18__ __ __-1908? __ __.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: New York City?, NY.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria ; Nanaimo ; Kaslo.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Johnson and Cook Sts. (Victoria)/1887 ; 164 Johnson St. (Victoria)/1889-1891? ; 50 Victoria Cres. (Nanaimo)/1892-1900 ; Kaslo (visit)/1893 06 30-07 ; Commercial St. (Nanaimo)/1898.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 164 Johnson St./1889-1891? ; Clark's Lodging House (Nanaimo)/1892 ; 50 Victoria Cres./1895.
WORK INTERVAL: 1887-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He established himself in Victoria circa 1887. In September 1888 he travelled up the Fraser River to photograph the salmon canneries and other views. Brooks remained in Victoria until moving to Nanaimo around 1891-1892. He visited Kaslo for about a month in 1893 and returned to Nanaimo. Primarily a portrait photographer, he also engaged in landscape work. He had a partnership in Victoria as Brooks & Berry.
COLLECTIONS: BNCM; BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "E. C. Brooks, Photographer, Victoria, B.C." stamped on verso of print; "E. C. Brooks, Photographer, Victoria, B.C. 164 Johnston Street, Victoria, B.C." stamped on verso of print mount; "[E. C.] Brooks, 50 Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo, B.C." on front of print mount.
REFERENCES: MAL87; WIL89; HEN90; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HEN97; WIL97; HEN98; WIL99; HEN00; Voters List 1890; Voters List 1900 (Kaslo); (Victoria) Evening Standard, 1888 09 19/4; Kaslo Claim, 1893 06 30/5; BVIPA Visual Records Photographer File (gives middle name as Coley; date and place of death unconfirmed by New York Times Obituary Index).

NAME: Brooks & Berry.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR: 164 Johnson St./1890s.
WORK INTERVAL: 1890s.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This was a partnership between E. C. Brooks and a person identified only as Berry.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Brooks & Berry, 164 Johnston Street, Victoria, - B.C." on front of print mount.
REFERENCES: BVIPA Visual Records accession no. 198410-005.


Broune, Lothean see Browne, John Lothian.


NAME: Brown, F. R.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 413 Seymour St./1892.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1892.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL92.

NAME: Brown, George Hay.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: New York City, NY ; Washington, DC ; New Orleans, LA ; Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Victoria Theatre Photographic Gallery, Government St., W. side near View St.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1864 09-?
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: While a G.H. Brown worked as a daguerreotypist in 1846 in Fredericton, New Brunswick, a newspaper article and ad described him as
Formerly connected with Brady's extensive Photographic Galleries of New York and Washington, U.S., and recently from New Orleans, La.

Brown's work in New Orleans, according to photo-historian Mike Tucker, was with Edward Jacobs and Walter Ogilvie; their partnership ran a studio called the National Art Union Photograph Gallery beginning in late October 1863 and presumably lasting through the winter at 93 Camp St. Brown probably left Victoria when Vaughan advertised the Victoria Theatre Photographic Gallery for sale in January 1865.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Colonist, 1864 09 07/2 (ad) and 3 (article); Evening Express, 1864 09 07/2 (ad); Letter, M. Tucker to Mattison, 1981 10 12; Harper (1955); Smith (1982):122.


Brown, John L. see Browne, John Lothian.


Brown, Mrs. John Nelson Elliott see Fenton, Faith.

NAME: Browne, John Lothian.
VARIANT: Broune, Lothean; Brown, John L.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster ; Nicola Valley ; Kamloops.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Columbia St. (New Westminster)/1885 ; Kamloops/1886-1891 ; 435 Columbia St. (Wintemute Block, New Westminster)/1891 04-1892 07 ; 437 Columbia St. (Ellard Block, opposite London House, New Westminster)/1892 07-? ; 24 Sixth St. (New Westminster)/1893-circa 1898.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Eighth St. (New Westminster)/1894 ; Seventh St., W. side between Fourth and Fifth Ave. (New Westminster)/1894-1898.
WORK INTERVAL: 1885-circa 1898.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: After establishing a photo studio in New Westminster around 1885 he moved to Kamloops and opened a studio there the following year. He branched out into groceries and dry goods between 1889 and 1890. The 1889 directory showed him in partnership as Reid & Browne, photographer. In April 1891 he moved back to New Westminster and opened the Sunbeam Photo and Art Company Ltd. that December; the Vancouver newspaper noted that
An entirely unique department will be stated in connection with the gallery of art, in the shape of a circulating art library, containing the latest press studies in oil and water colors, to be rented for copying.
Browne appears to have remained in New Westminster as a photographer until 1897 or 1898 when he returned to Kamloops and opened a barbershop. The business directory of 1895 showed him in both Kamloops and New Westminster as a barber and photographer respectively. A J. L. Browne also showed up in Durham, Ontario, as a photographer in the 1897 business directory. He was listed as photographer in New Westminster in the 1894 and 1898 List of Voters. Browne served as an alderman in Kamloops in 1901, 1902 and 1907.
REFERENCES: WIL85; MAL87; WIL89; WIL89; HEN90; HEN91; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; LOV97; WIL97; WIL99; Voters List, 1890 (Nicola Valley, Broune, Lothean); 1894; 1898; B.C. Commercial Journal, 1891 04 07/5; News-Advertiser, 1891 12 10/6; 1892 07 20/6; Letter, Kamloops Museum-Archives to Mattison, 1981 11 03.

NAME: Brownlee, J. H.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria ; Vancouver.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: Winnipeg, MB.
WORK INTERVAL: 1890 05.
STATUS: Amateur (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: The western agent for the Dominion Illustrated magazine, Brownlee accompanied W. H. Boorne to BC to cover the visit of the Duke and Duchess of Connaught.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Colonist, 1890 05 18/1; 1890 05 26/8; Times, 1890 05 23/8; 1890 05 29/8.


Brownlee, Mrs. K.G. (Mrs. George)see Howell, Kathleen Gertrude (Lena).

NAME: Bruce, Henry.
LIFE DATES: 1832 __ __-1910 01 28.
BIRTHPLACE: England.
PLACE OF DEATH: Vancouver.
WHERE ACTIVE: London, UK.
WORK INTERVAL: Unknown.
STATUS: Commercial?.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A veteran of the Crimean War, he operated a photo studio in London before emigrating with the Royal Engineers in 1858 as a carpenter. It is not known if he practiced photography while in BC.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: BVIPA Death Registration no. 1910-09-128968 (reel B13097); Columbian, 1910 01 29/1 (obit.).


NAME: Bruce, Miner Wait.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Alaska.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1889+.
STATUS: Amateur (photojournalist).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He first visited Alaska in May 1889 as a newspaper writer and struck up a friendship with R.G. Willoughby of "Silent City" fame. Along with fellow journalist L.B. French, Bruce accompanied Willoughby to Muir Glacier that summer and attempted his own photographs. At one point the Sitka newspaper reported Bruce had lost his life, possibly by falling down a glacier crevass. Bruce, however, survived and went on to write two books about Alaska Territory with details of The Silent City.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Sitka The Alaskan, 1889 07 20/1; Bruce (1895); Bruce (1899).

NAME: Buel, James William.
LIFE DATES: 1849 __ __-1920 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Northwest Coast (Victoria-Alaska) ; Canadian Pacific Railway line (Vancouver-Lytton ?).
WORK INTERVAL: 1890 05-.
STATUS: Commercial (?) (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Buel's photographic work in BC is documented in his book America's Wonderlands. He states that he travelled west in 1890 in a special railway car equipped for photographic work (p. 11-15). He then travelled by steamer from Victoria to Alaska, departing Victoria on May 2, 1890 on the Queen (p. 223+). He returned to Victoria on May 15 and made a week-long side trip on the CPR up the Fraser River (p. 235+). He then returned to Seattle.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Buel (1894).

NAME: Buell, Oliver B.
LIFE DATES: 1844 __ __-1910 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE: Henry County, IL
PLACE OF DEATH: Montreal (burial), PQ.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Port Moody ; New Westminster.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: New York City, NY
WORK INTERVAL: 1885-1886.
STATUS: Commercial (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Buell, originally from New York State, achieved prominence for a series of views showing military preparations for the Riel Rebellion in 1885. He also photographed construction work on the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) in the Rocky Mountains in the summer of 1885. One newspaper article reported him as having visited B.C. with Lord Lansdowne, the Governor-General, in 1885. In May 1886 he was photographing along the main line of the CPR He arrived in Vancouver on August 28, 1886 by steamer from New York, yet had a private railway car waiting for him in Port Moody in which he and his wife travelled back east. He journeyed regularly with his wife and often bore the title Professor. Along with taking photographs he also gave lantern slide shows in Canada in the 1880s. He last returned to western Canada in 1905. A portrait of Buell was found by the Glenbow Archives and published in Photographic Canadiana (Mar.-Apr. 1987).
COLLECTIONS: OOA; ACG; QCRM.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "O. B. Buell, Photographer, New York" or "O. B. Buell, Photographer, Montreal" on stereograph mounts (Canada Illustrated series); prints of troops at Riel Rebellion copyrighted 1885 by "Prof. Buell."
REFERENCES: Vancouver News, 1886 08 29/2 and 4; Colonist, 1886 08 31/3; Columbian, 1886 09 07/3 and 08/3; Hart (1983); Buell (1984); Cavell (1984) (gives life dates); Hadley (1984); Photographic Canadiana 12 no. 5 (Mar.-Apr. 1987):10 (portrait); OOA National Photography Collection VF.


NAME: Burdon, Lance.
LIFE DATES: .
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE/WHEN ACTIVE: Atlin-Quesnel section of the Yukon Telegraph Line.
WORK INTERVAL: by May 1900-1901.
STATUS: Institutional (visit).
SUMMARY: His photographs were compiled into at least two photograph albums illustrating work accomplished on the Atlin-Quesnel section of the Yukon Telegraph line which was built by the federal Department of Public Works for its Dominion Telegraph and Signal Service branch.
In 1902 a Seattle newspaper published his portrait and noted that "he was official photographer for the Canadian Pacific's construction company." Among the views illustrating an article by George F. Cotterill were railway and telegraph construction scenes.
Among Burdon's interests was mountain climbing. In 1906 he was listed in the Seattle business directory as staying at mariners' headquarters.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: BVA (album); BVIPA (albums).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: prints captioned and marked "Lance Burdon".
REFERENCES: Seattle Mail and Herald, 1902 12 20/50 (via M. Cirelli, 1996 10 30); Richeson (1982):6-15; Letter, David R. Richeson to Mattison, 1985 01 17; Letter, Michael Cirelli, 1996 10 30 (1906 Seattle business directory reference).


NAME: Burnham, John B.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: White Pass Trail.
WORK INTERVAL: fall 1897-
STATUS: Photojournalist.
SUMMARY: He was employed by the magazine Forest and Stream. His colleague Tappan Adney described him in his book and Adney quoted Burnham's own description of him from Forest and Stream.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Adney (1900).


NAME: Burton, Walter Francis.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: 60 Cook St./1898-1899.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Some of his photographs of Victoria golf courses were reproduced in Western Recreation. The business directories and voters lists listed him as a capitalist and/or gentleman.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN98; WIL99; Voters List, 1898; 1903; Western Recreation (1897 04):14-15.


NAME: Busby, Edward Scott.
LIFE DATES: 1862? __ __-1952 02 01.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: Montreal, PQ.
WHERE ACTIVE: Bennett.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: Skagway, AK or YT/late 1890s.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899 07 06.
STATUS: Amateur.
SUMMARY: A Canadian customs official posted to the Klondike during the gold rush, he photographed the last spike ceremony for the White Pass & Yukon Railroad on July 6, 1899. E.A. Hegg, who also photographed the event, captured Scott and two other photographers at work. In this photograph, Busby appears on the wharf with a handheld camera. Busby retired to Vancouver in 1930 and moved to eastern Canada in 1945. Busby identified himself in a souvenir album published by Hegg (1900) which Busby presented to the Rev. B.A. Appleyard (BVIPA copy).
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Hegg (1900):41; Polk 1903 Gazetteer Directory; Province, 1952 02 04/4 and 02 07/22 (obits.).

NAME: Bush, Henry.
LIFE DATES: 1830? __ __-____ __ __.
BIRTHPLACE: Germany?
PLACE OF DEATH: San Francisco?, CA.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria ; San Francisco, CA ; Germany.
WORK INTERVAL: 1862 09.
STATUS: Commercial (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: According to photohistorian Peter Palmquist, he left Germany in the late 1840s where he had been a photographer and eventually settled in gold rush San Francisco as a daguerreotypist in the late 1850s. He remained in photography until 1872. His visit to Victoria was for a photograph to be rendered into a painting. Bush's autobiographical book of poetry, The Harp of the Day (1865), has him travelling to BC to participate in the Cariboo gold rush.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "H. Bush, Photographer" on front of carte-de-visite.
REFERENCES: Colonist, 1862 09 03/3; Palmquist (1980 07); Palmquist (1983 04-06):91-5.


Busker, Arthur see Butcher, Arthur.

Buskera, Arthur see Butcher, Arthur.


NAME: Butcher, Arthur.
VARIANT: Busker, Arthur ; Buskera, Arthur.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 56 Fort St./1891 ; 95 Douglas St./1892-1895 ; 202 Fort St/.1897.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 58 Quadra St./1890-1891; 103 Pandora Ave./1892 ; Stanley House/1893 ; 10 Stanley Ave./1894-1895 ; 202 Fort St./1897.
WORK INTERVAL: 1890-1897.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He worked for Savannah & Co. in 1891, then managed his own studio, Butcher & Co.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Butcher & Co.
REFERENCES: HEN90; HEN91; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; WIL97.

NAME: Butcher & Co.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 95 Douglas St.?/1892-1895 ; 202 Fort St.?/1897.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892?-1897?.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This was managed by Arthur Butcher.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Butcher & Co., 95 Douglass [sic] St., Victoria, B.C." on front of cabinet portrait.
REFERENCES: BVIPA Visual Records accession no. 198303-021.

NAME: Buxton, Bertram H.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: Surrey, UK?.
WHERE ACTIVE: Masset.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1882.
STATUS: Amateur (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He was possibly the first "tourist" to photograph the Haida. His sister's son described him as a "keen amateur photographer." He took five views of Masset.
COLLECTIONS: AMNH; OONMM.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Blackman (1981):62-3; BVIPM Ethnology Division.