Camera Workers: The British Columbia, Alaska & Yukon Photographic Directory, 1858-1950 - S - Volume 1 (1858-1900)

1999-2002 By David Mattison

Updated: 2002.10.02.



NAME: Salsbury, Frederick Thurston.
VARIANT: Salisbury, F.T.
LIFE DATES: 1879? __ __-1953 06 01.
BIRTHPLACE: Lachine?, PQ.
PLACE OF DEATH: Kelowna.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: 824 Hastings St./1897.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A son of William Ferriman Salsbury (1847-1938), a prominent Vancouver figure, Frederick arrived in Vancouver in 1886 with his family from Lachine, Quebec. He was working as a clerk at the Bank of British North America in 1897 and later moved to Dawson City, Yukon Territory, where he worked for the same bank. He retired as manager of a branch in North Vancouver. He was secretary of the Vancouver Camera Club in 1897.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL97; News-Advertiser, 1897 02 18/1; Howay & Scholefield (1914):v. 4; 1146 (W.F. Salsbury); Province, 1938 01 05 (W.F. Salsbury obit.); Province, 1953 06 03/4 (obit.).


NAME: Sampson, John Wallace.
VARIANT: Samson, John.
LIFE DATES: 1852 03 12-19__ __ __.
BIRTHPLACE: Cornwall, England, UK.
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Nanaimo.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Victoria Cres./1887-1891 ; Commercial, W. side/1892-1893 ; 64 Commercial/1894-1895.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Wallace St./1892-1894 ; 65 Wallace St./1895.
WORK INTERVAL: 1886-1895.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: The son of a mine worker, James (d. 1893) and Mary Sampson (d. 1911), John spent some time working in the mills and mines himself before emigrating to United States. He decided to settle in British Columbia and reached Nanaimo in 1875 where he went to work for the Vancouver Coal Company. He remained with the V.C.C. until 1884, then went north to Douglas Island and worked at diamond drilling. He returned to Nanaimo in 1886 and purchased the photographic business of E.L. Boyden which he ran for six years. By 1892 he was calling his business the Diamond City Photo Gallery. He was selling stationery and fancy goods out of the same store he had used as his studio in 1897.
COLLECTIONS: BNCM.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Sampson, Nanaimo, B.C. [monogram J/S] Diamond City Studio" on front of print mount. "Sampson, Nanaimo, B.C." on front of print mount.
REFERENCES: MAL87; WIL89; HEN90; HEN91; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HEN97; WIL97; HEN98; HEN99; WIL99; Voters List, 1894; Howay & Scholefield (1914):v.3; 898-901 (with portrait).


NAME: Sankowski, H.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE/WHEN ACTIVE: Chilkoot Pass Trail/1898.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
STATUS:
SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS: Print surface or mount signed "H. Sankowski".
REFERENCES: Letter, Michael Cirelli, 1996 01 23.


NAME: Sarvant, Henry Mason.
LIFE DATES: 1869 04 22-1940 03 09.
BIRTHPLACE: New York (State).
PLACE OF DEATH: Yakima, WA.
WHERE/WHEN ACTIVE: __________/1897-1900.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
STATUS:
SUMMARY: He returned to Tacoma in 1900.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Cohen (1977); Letter, Michael Cirelli, 1996 01 23.


NAME: Savannah, Benjamin.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 28 Fort St./1897-1900.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 139 Fort St./1897-1900
WORK INTERVAL: 1897-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: In 1899 he was listed as a "student of photography" and subsequently as a photographer. He worked for John Savannah.
REFERENCES: HEN97; HEN98; HEN99; WIL99; HEN00; Castle (1984).


NAME: Savannah, John.
LIFE DATES: 1868 06 25-1925 04 28.
BIRTHPLACE: San Francisco, CA.
PLACE OF DEATH: Victoria.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 56 Fort St. (Five Sisters Block)/1889-1895? ; 28 Fort St. (Five Sisters Block)/1895?-1900.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 56 Fort St./1891 ; Poodle Dog (rooming house?)/1892 ; 139 Fort St./1897-1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889-1900+.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: His studio, Savannah's, was among the most fashionable in Victoria. In his first year of business he called himself "successor to O.C. Hastings". Primarily a portrait photographer, his work increased in importance after 1900.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA (glass negatives); BVICA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Savannah, Victoria, B.C." usually on front of print mount.
REFERENCES: WIL89; HEN90; HEN91; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HEN97; WIL97; HEN98; HEN99; WIL99; HEN00; News-Advertiser, 1892 12 09/1 (reported having taken a photograph of Victoria's outer dock with ships loading and discharging cargo); Colonist, 1894 11 08/_ (marriage); Colonist, 1978 07 16/14 (magazine section); Castle (1984); BVICA VF.


NAME: Savannah & Co.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 56 Fort St./1889-1890.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889-1892?
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This company was established by J. Savannah as "successors to O.C. Hastings".
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL89; HEN90; Colonist, 1892 02 05/5; Castle (1984).


NAME: Savard, Alphonse.
LIFE DATES: 1864 10 27-1934 05 01.
BIRTHPLACE: Quebec City, PQ.
PLACE OF DEATH: Vancouver.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 225 Carrall St./1896-1899 ; 4 Cordova St. E./1900+.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 49 Powell St. (City Hotel)/1896.
WORK INTERVAL: 1896-1916.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: According to a report published in June 1896, Savard trained under Mr. A.R. Ray of Quebec City and established the Imperial Photo Studio in Vancouver about February 1896. He was primarily or exclusively a portrait photographer. The 4 Cordova St. E. studio in the Graveley-Spinks Block was previously occupied by H.D. McKay and J.M. White. Purposefully designed and built by Vancouver architect R. Mackay Fripp for White, one corner of the upper-floor studio by McKay and Savard's day was located above the Oyster Bay Restaurant. During Savard's tenancy he had "A. Savard, Photographer" painted on one wall. Savard was married on October 24, 1900 in Holy Rosary Cathedral, Vancouver. After leaving photography Savard went to work at Britannia Mines.
COLLECTIONS: BVA; BVAA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HOD96; HEN97; WIL97; HEN99; WIL99; HEN00; World, 1896 06 (Souvenir Edition); Daily News-Advertiser, 1900 10 25/8; Alma Savard (daughter); Louis P. Savard (son).


NAME: Schellinger, Arthur K.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Dawson, Yukon ; Mayo?, Yukon.
WORK INTERVAL: 1909?-1930?.
STATUS: Amateur.
SUMMARY: A mining engineer with the Yukon Consolidated Gold Co., he arrived in Dawson in 1909 and worked there until 1918 when he was transferred to Mayo. From 1920 to 1930 he worked for Keno Hill Mines Ltd. and Treadwell Yukon Mining Co., also at Mayo. Mount Schellinger was named after him in 1973.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: YWA (Schellinger Collection).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: Botton of print may be captioned.
REFERENCES: Yukon Archives photo no. 5908 (PHOTOGRAPHER - SCHELLINGER); Coutts (1980).

NAME: Schwatka, Frederick.
LIFE DATES: 1849 09 29-1892 11 02.
BIRTHPLACE: Galena, IL.
PLACE OF DEATH: Portland, OR.
WHERE ACTIVE: Alaska; Yukon.
WORK INTERVAL: 1883 05 22 (departure from Portland, OR)-.
STATUS: Amateur.
SUMMARY: U.S. Army 1st Lieutenant charged with exploring Alaska and the Yukon, he descended the Yukon River. He published newspaper and magazine accounts of his trip following his return and also a book in 1885, Along Alaska's Great River. Photographs accompanying Schwatka's publications on the 1883 expedition were taken, according to Sherwood, by Charles A. Homan. Schwatka described these photographs in a 1900 book on their journey.
Two later expeditions to Alaska included a sublimely absurd attempt to scale Mt. St. Elias in 1886 and a trip to Fort Selkirk from Juneau via the Taku River and Teslin Lake in 1891. Schwatka Lake, Yukon, is named in his honour. The camera Schwatka took on his 1886 Mt. St. Elias climb was donated in 1955 to a museum of the University of Alaska (Fairbanks?).
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Schwatka (1900); Wright (1976); Coutts (1980); Sherwood (1992); Webb (1993); Alaska Weekly (Seattle, WA), 1995 11 11/2 ("Rare Camera Given to Alaska Museum").


Seattle Photo Co. see Wilse & Kirke.

NAME: Selwood, Archibald.
LIFE DATES: 1881 __ __-1973 11 15.
BIRTHPLACE: Eng.
PLACE OF DEATH: Vancouver, BC.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: 546 Georgia St./1897-1907.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Commercial (assistant?).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: According to one obituary, he arrived in Vancouver in 1891. His listing in one directory said "photographer at Freeman's [R.H. Trueman ?]. There were, however, no corresponding listings for a Freeman in 1897. He left photography between 1898-1901 and returned to it after the turn of the century when he worked for C.M. Scott. Selwood was a prominent rose grower and first president of the Vancouver Rose Society at its founding in 1947. He also edited the society's publication Rosebud (1949-73).
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN97; WIL97; Sun, 1973 11 16/83 (obit.); 1973 11 17/55 (obit.); Province, 1973 11 22/19 (obit.).


NAME: Selwyn, Alfred Richard Cecil.
LIFE DATES: 1824 07 28-1902 10 18.
BIRTHPLACE: Somerset, England, UK.
PLACE OF DEATH: Vancouver.
WHERE ACTIVE: Quesnel ; Fort St. James ; Fort St. John
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1875.
STATUS: Institutional (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He was director of the Geological Survey of Canada from 1869 to 1895.
COLLECTIONS: OOA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: references to his survey work in BC are in the Colonist of 1871-72; 1874-77; Morgan (1898); Hall (1967):25-27; Encyclopedia Canadiana (1970).


NAME: Sether, ____________.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE:
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL:
STATUS:
SUMMARY: Tappan Adney reproduces photographs taken on Bonanza Creek and Eldorado Creek in the summer of 1897. An Ole Sether, after whom Mount Sether was named in 1967, might be a descendant.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Adney (1900); Coutts (1980).


NAME: Shakespeare, Noah. N. Shakespeare, ca. 1865 (Courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records call no. B-01413)
LIFE DATES: 1839 01 26-1921 05 13.
BIRTHPLACE: Brierley Hill, Staffordshire, England, UK.
PLACE OF DEATH: Victoria.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Langley St., corner of Yates/1865-1866 ; Government St., next door to Theatre Photographic Gallery 1866-1875 ; Government St., W. side near View/1867 ; 1875-1878.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Fort St./1877.
WORK INTERVAL: 1865-1878.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He arrived in Victoria January 1863 on the Robert Lowe and began his photographic career, so far as is known, with G.R. Fardon in July 1865. He managed Fardon's studio for a year and then went on to manage Gentile's gallery. He is believed to have leased this gallery to Uren & Hoyt in May 1874 and to have cancelled the lease in October of that year. In 1867 he was also employed by George Robinson in the Victoria Theatre Photographic Gallery, the operation of which he took over in 1875 from S.A. Spencer. He is presumed to have sold the business to J.B. Uren in June 1878.
He was married in 1859 to Elizabeth Pearson, a native of New York State and a daughter of Thomas Pearson. Shakespeare is today known outside of photographic circles because of his philosophy and political career as an anti-Asiatic, Member of Parliament, and as Victoria's postmaster and mayor.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "N. Shakespeare, Artist" in ink on front of carte-de-visite (may not be contemporary with photo). "N. Shakespeare Photographer Government St., Victoria, B.C." on verso of carte-de-visite.
REFERENCES/ADVERTISING AND SOURCES (IMAGES): BVIPA GR-1304, file 182/1921 (probate); MAL68; MAL69; MAL71; MAL74; HIB77; BVIPA Reference Room VF and Visual Records Photographer File; Kerr (1890); Mattison (1980 Winter):9-13.


NAME: Shand, Miss E.M.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 624 Hastings St. W./1899.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: 1033 Robson St./1899.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899.
STATUS: Studio (assistant).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: She worked with R.H. Trueman & Co.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL99.


NAME: Shart, ____________.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE/WHEN ACTIVE: Skagway (White Pass) Trail/1897.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
STATUS:
SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: UWL (album).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: Handwritten in pencil on print mount "Shart".
REFERENCES: Letter, Michael Cirelli, 1996 01 23.


NAME: Shields, George Oliver.
LIFE DATES: 1846 __ __-1925 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: BC (Cascade Mountains).
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL:
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He refers to his own photography in his book Cruisings in the Cascades (1889). Shields exhibited at the First International Exposition of Photographic Arts and Industries presented by the Photographic Dealers Association of America between March 27 and April 3, 1915 at the New Grand Central Palace, New York City.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Shields (1889); GEH Database.


NAME: Sinclair, Daniel Wycliffe.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Sandon.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1898-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN98; HEN99; HEN00.


NAME: Smith, Charles Henry.
LIFE DATES: 18__ __ __-1947 07 11.
BIRTHPLACE: Manchester, England, UK.
PLACE OF DEATH: Victoria.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR: 610 Granville St./1899-1900.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: 700 Homer St./1899-1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899-1900+.
STATUS: Printer ; Commercial (assistant).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: According to his obituary he arrived in Canada in either 1889 or 1897, settling first on the Prairies, then participating in the Klondike gold rush. He worked for S.J. Thompson and then moved to Victoria where he operated C.H. Smith & Co., an art and photo supply store. He and J. Savannah were listed together in the 1910 directory. Smith retired about 1945.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL99; HEN00; HEN01; HEVI05; HEN10; Times?, 1947 07 12 (obit.); Colonist, 1947 07 13 (obit.).


NAME: Smith, Harlan Ingersoll.
LIFE DATES: 1872 02 17-1940 01 28.
BIRTHPLACE: East Saginaw, MI.
PLACE OF DEATH: Ottawa, ON.
WHERE ACTIVE: Port Essington.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1897-1900+.
STATUS: Institutional (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: An ethnographer, Smith was engaged in work on the Jesup North Pacific Expedition sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History between 1897-1902. He also used a motion picture camera in his work in the 1920s and 1930s. He became archaeologist of the National Museum of Canada in 1911.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA (photo no. HP016645); OONMM.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "H. I. Smith" on print.
REFERENCES: Canadian Who's Who (1936-37); Who Was Who in America (1943):v. 1; Jacknis (1984):2-60.


NAME: Smith, James A.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 224 Thirteenth Ave. W./1897.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He was primarily a portrait photographer.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL97; BVA (Ron D'Altroy).


NAME: Smith, M. (Miss).
VARIANT:
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 534 Cordova St./1899.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 812 Hastings St. E./1899.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899.
STATUS: Unknown.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: She worked for the Edwards Bros.
REFERENCES: WIL99.


NAME: Smith, W.B.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Kaslo.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: A Ave./1899.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1898-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN98; HEN99; WIL99; HEN00.


NAME: Smyth, H.S.St.G.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Windermere.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL97.


Smyth, S A. see Smythe, Sidney Alfred.

NAME: Smythe, Sidney Alfred.
VARIANT: Smyth, S.A.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Manitoba ; Calgary, AB ; Vernon ; Atlin.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Eleventh Ave. W., corner of Manitoba St. (Vancouver)/1896?-1899? ; Atlin/1899-1900.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: same as business address (Vancouver)/1896?-1899? ; Lake St. (Atlin)/1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1896?-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: According to Dempsey he and his brother A.J. Smythe settled in Minnedosa, Manitoba, about 1883 and by the following year had become itinerant photographers in Manitoba. They moved to Calgary in 1885 and by 1887 S.A. Smythe was taking all of the photos. He opened a studio in Banff in 1889 but returned to Calgary in the early 1890s.
S.A. turned up in Vancouver in October 1896 where he was displaying photos of places around Calgary. The newspaper noted that the Illustrated London News of August 29, 1896 contains six views of Alberta by Smythe, all of which were sent to the paper in the fall of 1890. The following January the same paper reported receiving photos by Smythe of mining and ranching scenes in BC and the Northwest.
According to the Vernon Museum, he visited Vernon in June 1897 and had established himself as a photographer in April 1900. In May 1899 he was in Atlin working as a sanitary officer, but was also listed as a photographer in the 1900 voters list.
COLLECTIONS: ACG; BVAA; BVIPA; OOA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: negatives may be captioned and marked "S. A. Smythe, Vancouver, B.C."
REFERENCES: HEN99; WIL99; HEN00; Voters List (Cassiar), 1900; News-Advertiser, 1896 10 20/8; 1897 01 03/8; Atlin Claim, 1899 05 13/4; Letter, Vernon Museum to Mattison, 1981 11 06; Dempsey (1978).


NAME: Snell, I.B.
VARIANT: Snell, Ben ; Snell, S.A.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Rossland.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 121 Columbia Ave. (East Miller Block)/1898-1899.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1898-1899.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: On June 27, 1898 he wrote to Vancouver City Council requesting permission to operate a portable studio until such time as he could open a permanent studio in a building. The letter was written in Vancouver. His request appears not to have been granted as he next surfaces in Rossland. Following his brief photographic career in Rossland he operated a restaurant there.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN98; HEN99; WIL99; HEN00.


NAME: Spencer, Mary (Miss).
LIFE DATES: 18__ __ __-1938 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE: Ont.?.
PLACE OF DEATH: Summerland?.
WHERE ACTIVE: Kamloops.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899-1900+.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: She and her family arrived from Colburne in 1898 and her studio was opened the following year. Her most important series of photos are of the capture and trial of train robber Bill Miner in 1906. She moved to West Summerland in 1909 and continued photography there. She never married. The photographer in the film about Bill Miner, The Grey Fox, is modelled on Mary Spencer.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA; BKM.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Miss M. Spencer Kamloops, B.C." on front of print mount.
REFERENCES: HEN00; Letter, Kamloops Museum-Archives to Mattison, 1981 11 03; Cobb (1978).


NAME: Spencer, Stephen Allen.
LIFE DATES: 1829? __ __-1911 08 15.
BIRTHPLACE: near London, CT.
PLACE OF DEATH: Victoria.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Yates St./1858?-1860 ; Trounce, corner of Government St./1860-1862? ; Broad St., corner of Yates St./1862-1863? ; Government St., W. side near View St./1872-1875 ; Fort St., near Broad St. (Hayward & Jenkinson Block, 2nd Floor), opposite Fell & Co./1875-1882.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: View St./1882-1885.
WORK INTERVAL: 1858?-1883.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He was one of the pioneers of 1858 who came to the Colony of Vancouver Island from San Francisco, lured by the prospects, it is believed, of making money off the flood of miners pouring in for the Fraser River gold rush. According to his obituary, he headed north to look for gold after his arrival.
The first notice of his business was in 1859. One mystery, now solved thanks to researcher Chris Hanna, was his whereabouts between 1863 and 1871 when he showed up in Barkerville. In October 1863 he sailed with Robert Burnaby for the Queen Charlottes where he was to "take views of the mines and the surrounding country." There is no evidence he took any photos. S.A. Spencer appears to have gone on to Alaska. He is listed in the fall 1870 census of Sitka, Alaska, which was published on December 20, 1870 and reprinted in 1981. Spencer's age is given as 36, his birthplace as Connecticut, occupation a carpenter, and "Residence at the Club House, works at the [US Army] Quartermaster Department". He was not noticed in Victoria again until 1872 when he purchased the Victoria Theatre Photographic Gallery from J.A. Craigg.
During his proprietorship of this gallery he made at least one trip to San Francisco for new equipment and a retoucher named Mr. Miller. This followed the employment by N. Shakespeare of R.A. Desmond, "late artist of Spencer's Gallery."
Shakespeare himself leased the Theatre Photographic Gallery from Spencer in 1875 when the latter moved to Fort St. That studio is likely the one which also served as headquarters for Spencer & Hastings. While this partnership was listed in the 1885 and 1887 directories, Spencer was by the former date residing in Alert Bay where he was managing the Spencer & [Thomas] Earle salmon cannery. Hastings was supposed to have bought out Spencer about 1883. Spencer later served as postmaster of Alert Bay.
The 1881 census showed him aged 52 -- making him older than the 1870 Sitka census --, a Free Thinker, American citizen and a bachelor, but he was survived by his wife Annie (nee Hunt; a Kwakiutl native and sister of George Hunt, Franz Boas' chief informant) and five sons upon his death.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
LINK TO CAMERA WORKERS IMAGE GALLERY-R (Portrait of A.S. Rappertie [?] by S.A. Spencer)
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "S. A. Spencer, Fort St., Victoria, B.C." on verso of cartes-de-visite. "Spencer, Artist" (red) on front and "S. A. Spencer, Victoria, B.C." (red) on verso of carte-de-visite. "Spencer, Artist" on front and "S. A. Spencer, Photographer, Victoria, B.C." on verso of carte-de-visite. "S. A. Spencer's Photographic Gallery, Fort Street, Victoria, B.C." on verso of carte-de-visite. "S. A. Spencer, Artist, Government St." on front of carte-de-visite. "S. A. Spencer, Fort Street, Victoria, B.C." on verso of cabinet portrait.
REFERENCES/ADVERTISING AND SOURCES (IMAGES): BVIPA GR-1304, file 3789 (probate); MAL74; HIB77; WIL82; WIL85; MAL87 (no listing, Victoria; Alert Bay only from this directory to 1900); Victoria Gazette, 1859 07 23/2; Colonist, 1860 08 02/2; 1862 01 11/2; 1862 01 15/3; 1872 04 12/3; 1874 10 16/3; 1874 11 07/3; 1875 05 13/3; 1875 06 29/4; 1875 07 07/3; 1911 08 16 (obit.); (Victoria) Chronicle, 1863 10 30/3; Cariboo Sentinel, 1871 07 01/3; 1881 Dominion Census, Yates St. Ward (OOA reel C-13285); Kerr (1890) (Hastings biography); Fawcett (1912):239; DeArmond (1981):121; Jacknis (1984):2-60.


NAME: Spencer & Hastings.
VARIANT: Hastings & Spencer.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Fort St./1882-1889 01.
WORK INTERVAL: 1882-1889 01.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A portrait studio run by S.A. Spencer & O.C. Hastings. Hastings bought out Spencer about 1883 and the latter moved away to Alert Bay. According to the biography in Gosnell, Hastings sold his photographic gallery in January 1889. The location was probably that taken over by J. Savannah at 56 Fort St.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Spencer & Hastings, Portrait and Landscape Photographers Fort Street, Victoria, B.C." (brown) on print mount.
REFERENCES/ADVERTISING AND SOURCES (IMAGES): WIL85; MAL87; Standard, 1883 06 09; Kerr (1890) (Hastings biography); Gosnell (1906) (Hastings biography).


NAME: Spinks, W.H.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Eagle Pass Landing.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1886 11.
STATUS: Unknown.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A credit on a photo is the only evidence of his existence.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "by W. H. Spinks."
REFERENCES: BVIPA photo no. HP011200.


NAME: Spring, C[harles?].
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Yale, BC.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: Victoria/1882.
WORK INTERVAL: October 1882.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He took a photograph of the "Grand Arch" in Yale for the visit of the Governor General the Marquis of Lorne and a view of Yale Creek Falls.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Yale Inland Sentinel, 1882 10 19.


NAME: Stanfield, A.E.
LIFE DATES: 1872? __ __-1899 09 22.
BIRTHPLACE: Iowa?.
PLACE OF DEATH: Stikine River.
WHERE ACTIVE: Cassiar District.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: circa 1897-1899.
STATUS: Commercial? (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He is believed to have accompanied Andrew Jackson Stone, U.S. explorer, on an expedition into Cassiar District from Wrangel, Alaska. He drowned in a canoeing accident on the Stikine River.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA (portrait file under Stone, A. J.).
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: BVIPA C/C30.41/C27, Register of Births, Deaths, and Marriages, Cassiar District, 1878-1933, p. 75; BVIPA Visual Records Division Photographer File (Stone, A.J.).


NAME: Stanley, Alice, Lady.
VARIANT: Montagu, Alice Maud Olivia.
LIFE DATES: 1862 __ __-1967 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE: Eng.?
PLACE OF DEATH: England, UK?.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Victoria.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: Eng.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: The daughter of the 7th Duke of Manchester, she married Edward George Villiers (b. 1865 04 04), an M.P. in England in 1889. She accompanied her father-in-law Governor-General Lord Stanley, the 16th Earl of Derby, on a visit to Vancouver and Victoria where he dedicated the park that bears his name. One newspaper reported that
Lady Stanley, who has an amateur photographic outfit, yesterday took views from the [railway] car door.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: News-Advertiser, 1889 10 31/8; World, 1889 11 06/4; Debrett's (1897):240-42.


NAME: Stanley, Edward Hall.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Nelson.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 2 Powell St., corner of Carrall (Chamberlain Block)/1889-1890 ; 8 Powell St., corner of Carrall (Chamberlain Block)/1890-1893 ; Nelson/1893-1895.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 609 Powell St./1890 ; 8 Powell St./1891.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889-1895.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Foiled, apparently, in an attempt to erect a studio on the roof of a building on Cordova St., E.H. and brothers George and Gilbert M. put their studio in the Chamberlain building and called themselves the Stanley Bros.
All three moved to Nelson in 1892-1893 and continued to practice photography until about 1895. E.H. then took up mining.
COLLECTIONS: see Stanley Bros.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Stanley Bros.
REFERENCES: WIL90; HEN91; WIL91; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HEN97; HEN98; HEN00; Vancouver City Council Minutes, 1889 07 15; News-Advertiser, 1889 09 12/8; 1889 09 20/8; 1889 10 17/8; World, 1890 11 22/7.


NAME: Stanley, George.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Nelson.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 2 Powell St. (Chamberlain Block), corner Carrall St./1889-1890 ; 8 Powell St. (Chamberlain Block), corner Carrall/1890-1893 ; Nelson/1893-1895.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 609 Powell St./1890.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889-1895.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He was one of the brothers in the Stanley Bros. studio.
COLLECTIONS: see Stanley Bros.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Stanley Bros.
REFERENCES: WIL90; WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95.


NAME: Stanley, Gilbert M.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Nelson.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 2 Powell St. (Chamberlain Block), corner of Carrall St./1889-1891.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 8 Powell St./1891.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889-1891.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: One of the brothers in the Stanley Bros. studio, he moved to Nelson and became a newsdealer and tobacconist.
COLLECTIONS: see Stanley Bros.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Stanley Bros.
REFERENCES: HEN91; WIL91; WI94; WIL95; Voters List, 1894 (S. riding W. Kootenay District).

NAME: Stanley, William.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE:
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL:
STATUS:
SUMMARY: Partner in Stanley & Worden.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: see Stanley & Worden.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: UWL.


NAME: Stanley & Worden.
WHERE ACTIVE:
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL:
STATUS:
SUMMARY: Partnership of William Stanley and Worden.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: UWL.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES:


NAME: Stanley Bros.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 2 Powell St. (Chamberlain Block), corner of Carrall/1889-1890 ; 8 Powell St. (Chamberlain Block), corner of Carrall/1890-1893.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889-1893.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Established in September 1889 by E.H., George and G.M. Stanley, the brothers moved to Nelson around 1893 and operated there as photographers.
COLLECTIONS: BVAA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: for newspaper references see E.H. Stanley; HEN90; WIL90; HEN91; WIL92.


NAME: Stark, William McIntosh.
LIFE DATES: 1885 __ __-1942 03 11.
BIRTHPLACE: ON.
PLACE OF DEATH: Vancouver.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: 1027 Robson St./1890s.
WORK INTERVAL: 1890s.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Although this Stark would have been eleven at the time, a W.M. Stark is supposed to have photographed the arch erected by the Chinese to honour the visit of Li Hung Chang in September 1896. William McIntosh Stark, otherwise known as Billy, was a pioneer aviator and obtained Canada's first pilot's license from the Aero Club of America in 1912. His father, James Stark, ran a dry goods store called Glasgow House in Vancouver in the 1890s.
COLLECTIONS: BVAA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: BVAA photo no. ARCHES P. 62; OUTDOORS P. 223; unnamed obituary notices, 1942 03 12 and 13.


NAME: Steele & Co.
WHERE ACTIVE: Trail ; Fernie.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1896 ; 1898-1900+.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A Steele & Co. photographer visited Trail in 1896 and 1898. The Fernie branch studio was owned by Frederick Steele of Calgary who had been employed by Hall & Lowe in Winnipeg between June 1886 and March 1887. It is not known who kept the Fernie branch open.
COLLECTIONS: BTCA; BVIPA; SRA/SSA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: print surface usually numbered, captioned and marked "Steele & Co., Photos., Winnipeg" or "Steele & Co., Winnipeg" or "Steele & Co., Photo., Winnipeg & Calgary." Print mount on front may be marked "Steele & Co. Winnipeg."
REFERENCES: Dempsey (1978); Letter, City of Trail Archives to Mattison, 1981 12 08.


NAME: Stereograph Publishers: Klondike Gold Rush, 1897-1900
NAME: American Stereoscopic Company.
NAME: B.W. Kilburn see Kilburn, B.W.
NAME: Griffith & Griffith.
NAME: Ingersoll View Co. see Ingersoll, T.W.
NAME: Keystone View Company.
NAME: Underwood View Co. (Underwood & Underwood).
NAME: Universal Photo Art Co. see Graves, C.H.
NAME: Whiting View Company .



NAME: Stewart, --- (Miss).
VARIANT:
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 56 Fort St./1893.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1893.
STATUS: Printer.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: She worked for J. Savannah.
REFERENCES: WIL93.


NAME: Stone, Andrew Jackson.
LIFE DATES: 1859 __ __-1918 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: Bering Sea.
WHERE ACTIVE: Stikine River District ; Cassiar District.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: Wrangel, Alaska.
WORK INTERVAL: before 1900?.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: An explorer who worked out of Wrangel, Alaska, it is believed he employed A.E. Stanfield as a photographer. References from Stone's publications show that he might also have taken his own photos or assumed credit for those taken by Stanfield who died in September 1899. Stone might also have died in a canoeing accident. A NWMP record shows an A.J. Stone entering the Yukon at Chilkoot Summit from Everett, WA, on August 4, 1898 via boat no. 14477.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: BVIPA Visual Records Division Photographer File; BVIPM "Information..."; Smithers Interior News, 1973 06 27/4 (letter to editor from R. G. Schipf); Pan for Gold Database.


NAME: Stormer, J.B.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Midway.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1897-1898.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL97; HEN98.


NAME: Straiton, Thomas Bell.
LIFE DATES: 1869 __ __-1955 01 __.
BIRTHPLACE: Port Union, ON.
PLACE OF DEATH: Florida.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 59 Cordova St./1892-1893 ; 68 Cordova St. (new Sullivan Block)/1893-1894.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: 37 Cordova St./1894.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892-1894.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Primarily a portrait photographer, he also did landscape work. He moved into a new studio in December 1893 which the News-Advertiser described in great detail. His obituary reported he had lived in Sumas Prairie for the past 60 years. The community of Straiton atop Sumas Mountain was named after him. Mrs. Mary E. Straiton (born 1870 01) was the first postmaster at Straiton (appointed 1904 02 01); following her death in 1939, T.B. Straiton was appointed Acting Postmaster from 1939 06 24 to 1939 09 16.
COLLECTIONS: CVA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Thos. B. Straiton Photo Vancouver, B.C." or "Straiton [monogram] Vancouver, B.C." on front of print mount.
REFERENCES: WIL92; WIL93; Voters List, 1894; News-Advertiser, 1893 05 31/8; 1893 12 03/8; 1894 01 05/8 (ad); (Vancouver) People's Journal, 1893 03 25/8; Abbotsford News, 1955 01 26/1 (obit.); OOA ArchiviaNet Post Offices Database.


NAME: Strand, Walter.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Discovery City, BC; Atlin, BC.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Discovery City/1900; Atlin/1901-1950.
WORK INTERVAL: 1900-1950.
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN04.


NAME: Straube, E.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 113 Carrall St./1888.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Hastings St. (Brunswick Hotel)/1888.
WORK INTERVAL: 1888.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This person worked for C.S. Bailey & Co.
REFERENCES: WIL88.


NAME: Sullivan, Mrs. May Kellogg.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE/WHEN ACTIVE: Dawson, Yukon ; Nome, Anchorage and Seward, AK.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899-1900.
STATUS: Amateur.
SUMMARY: She used a Kodak camera to illustrate two books of her travels to Alaska. NWMP records list a Mrs. Sullivan as entering the Yukon via Lake Bennett on August 17, 1899 via SS Nora.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Sullivan (1902); Sullivan (1910); Pan for Gold Database.


NAME: Sunbeam Photo Studio.
VARIANT: Sunbeam Photo and Art Co. Ltd.
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 435 or 437 Columbia St. (Wintemute Block)/1891 12-1892 ; Columbia St.?, over James Ellard & Co., opposite London House/1892-1893.
WORK INTERVAL: 1891 12-1893.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Opened by J.L. Browne in December 1891, this enterprise also consisted of a circulating art library.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES/ADVERTISING AND SOURCES (IMAGES): WIL92 (and ad, p. 1200); WIL93; News-Advertiser, 1891 12 10/6; 1891 12 17/6; 1892 07 20/6; 1892 07 27/6.


NAME: Swanzy, Henry.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Selkirk Mountains.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: Eng.
WORK INTERVAL: 1884 ; 1888.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A reverend and travelling companion of Reverend William Spotswood Green (the two were cousins), they have been credited with undertaking the first mountaineering expedition in Canada in 1888. According to a paper read by Green in 1889, their photographic kit consisted of three cameras: two half-plate models and a Stirn's patent detective camera. In conjunction with their topographical observations they photographed views.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Green (1889; 1890); Leslie (1980):5; Hart (1983).