Camera Workers: The British Columbia, Alaska & Yukon Photographic Directory, 1858-1950 - W - Volume 1 (1858-1900)

1999-2001 By David Mattison

Updated: 2001.04.08.



NAME: Wadds, David.
LIFE DATES: 1871? __ __-1938 12 31.
BIRTHPLACE: Antrim?, Ireland.
PLACE OF DEATH: Trail.
WHERE ACTIVE: Toronto ; Vancouver ; Nelson.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 518 Cordova St. (Vancouver)/1892 05-1896 04 ; 45 Cordova St. (Sullivan Block)/1896 04-1897 11 ; Victoria St., corner of Stanley (Nelson)/1897 11-1900+.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Hamilton St. (Vancouver)/1894-1895 ; 538 Homer St./1896-1897 11.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892 05-1900+.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Emigrating to Toronto in 1882, he and his brother G.T. Wadds studied photography there under H.E. Simpson, "the leading photographer of Toronto". The Toronto city directories listed David between 1889-1893 as a clerk (1889; Simpson Bros., photographers), photo-printer (1890; H. E. Simpson, photographers), partner with J. C. Wright (1892), and an engraver (1893).
David moved to Vancouver about May 1892 and purchased the Vancouver Photo Co. from J. D. Hall. Joined by his brother, the two operated under the name Wadds Bros.
David left for Nelson on November 22, 1897 to open a branch studio. He was married in Rossland on March 26, 1898 to E. S. Medlock, a retoucher for the Vancouver studio. David operated studios after the turn of the century at Crawford Bay and Fairview, B.C.
His obituary reported his age as 67.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA; BVA; BVAA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Wadds Bros.
REFERENCES: WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HEN97; WIL97; HEN99; WIL99; HEN00; World, 1892 07 14/8; 1896 03 10/8; 06 (souvenir ed.):49-52; News-Advertiser, 1897 11 23/8; 1898 03 31/10; Unknown & undated news clipping "David Wadds Dead in Trail Hospital"; BVIPA Death Registration no. 1938-09-552226 (reel B13164); Letter, Toronto City Archives to Mattison, 1979 05 08.


NAME: Wadds, George Thomas.
LIFE DATES: 1874 01 14-1962 06 12.
BIRTHPLACE: Antrim, Ireland.
PLACE OF DEATH: Vancouver.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 518 Cordova St./1892 11-1896 04 ; 45 Cordova St. (Sullivan Block)/1896 04-1897 ; 1899-1900+ ; 68 Cordova St. (Sullivan Block, room 5)/1898.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Hamilton St./1894-1895 ; 538 Homer St./1896-1897 ; 68 Cordova St./1899 ; 630 Richards St./1899 ; 660 Granville St./1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892 11-1900+.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He emigrated with his brother David to Toronto in 1882 and studied photography under H. E. Simpson. The Toronto city directories between 1889-1892 listed him as a photo-printer (1889; Simpson Bros., photographers), retoucher (1890; H. E. Simpson, photographers) and photographer (1892; H. E. Simpson). David appears to have arrived in Vancouver first, but by November 1892 the studio he had purchased was being called the Wadds Bros.
After David left for Nelson in 1897, G. T. continued to operate under the Wadds Bros. name until the 1912 when the studio was destroyed by fire. he reopened under the name George T. Wadds Studio. He was married to Stella Louise Eldridge of Vancouver in November 1901. He was primarily a portrait photographer.
COLLECTIONS: BVA; BVAA; BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Wadds Bros.
REFERENCES: WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HOD96; HEN97; WIL97; HEN99; WIL99; HEN99; HEN00; World, 1892 11 26/1; Who's Who in Western Canada (1911); Howay & Scholefield (1914):v.3; 907 (birthdate: 1873); BVIPA Death Registration no. 1962-09-007762 (reel B13252); Letter, Toronto City Archives to Mattison, 1979 05 08.


NAME: Wadds Bros.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver ; Nelson ; Brooklyn.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 518 Cordova St. (Vancouver)/1892 11-1896 04 ; 45 Cordova St. (Sullivan Block)/1896 04-1897 ; 1899-1900+ ; 68 Cordova St. (Sullivan Block, room 5)/1898 ; Victoria St., corner of Stanley (Nelson)/1897 11-1900+ ; Brooklyn 1898.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892 11-1900+.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Established by David and G. T. Wadds about November 1892, the firm operated branches in Nelson (David) and Brooklyn. The business was primarily portrait taking.
COLLECTIONS: BVA; BVAA; BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Wadds Bros. Vancouver, B.C." or "Wadds Bros. Vancouver & Nelson, B.C." on front of print mount.
REFERENCES: WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HOD96; HEN97; WIL97; HEN98; HEN99; WIL99; HEN00; World, 1892 11 26/1; 1896 03 10/8; 06 (souvenir ed.): 49-52; News-Advertiser, 1897 11 23/8.


NAME: Wagness, John Thorvald.
LIFE DATES: 1859 __ __-1936 05 30.
BIRTHPLACE: Norway.
PLACE OF DEATH: Stanwood, WA.
WHERE ACTIVE: Dawson, Yukon.
WORK INTERVAL: 1899-1901 (Yukon).
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY: Wagness started out as a photographer in Tacoma, Washington. According to his son Ken who was interviewed for the Jon Hahn article in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer (6 October 1990), his father was lured to the Yukon by his brother-in-law John Lee. John T. Wagness travelled aboard the Humboldt but was unable to support himself or 11 children and his wife as a photographer. He returned to Stanwood and reestablished himself as a successful photographer. The negatives of Yukon life and Puget Sound life were discovered and salvaged by Ken in his brother's barn.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: Private; UWL.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: 1901 Canada Census; Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 1990 10 06/C1-C2.


NAME: Ward, H.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 15 Churching/1889.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1889.
STATUS: Commercial (itinerant?).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A photo in the PABC is the only clue to this photographer's existence and is an out-of-focus scene on Penwill St. dated 1889.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "H. Ward, View & Group Photographer 15 Churching, Victoria, B.C." on verso of print mount; the address is written in.
REFERENCES: BVIPA photo no. HP057198.


NAME: Warner, Arthur Churchill.
LIFE DATES: 1864 __ __-1943 11 11.
BIRTHPLACE: Granby, MA.
PLACE OF DEATH: Seattle, WA.
WHERE ACTIVE: Skagway, Dyea, AK; Chilkoot Pass Trail/summers 1897-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: UWL.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: Stamped on back "A.C. Warner, Photographer".
REFERENCES: Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 1897 09 22/1 (photo of Skagway by A.C. Warner).


NAME: Watkins, Carleton Emmons.
LIFE DATES: 1829 11 11-1916 06 23.
BIRTHPLACE: Oneonta, N.Y.
PLACE OF DEATH: Napa, Calif.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: San Francisco, Calif.
WORK INTERVAL: 1882 09-10.
STATUS: Commercial (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Watkins brief visit to Victoria was part of a tour of the Pacific Northwest. He made some panoramas of the city. Details of his life can be found in numerous articles and several books, the most recent and detailed of which is Palmquist (1983). According to Alinder (1979), views from this trip were published under the title "New Series of Pacific Coast Views" which included stereograph cards as well as large prints.
COLLECTIONS: see Palmquist (1983).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Palmquist (1983).
REFERENCES: Alinder (1979); Palmquist (1983).


NAME: Watson, Charles H.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Kamloops.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1890.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN90.


NAME: Watts, Joseph.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Kincolith.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1897-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN97; HEN98; HEN99; HEN00.


NAME: Webb, John Sidney.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE/WHEN ACTIVE: St. Michael, AK/1897 06 26 to Dawson, Yukon/1897 08 17.
STATUS: Amateur (visit).
SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Webb (1898).


NAME: Webb, William Seward.
LIFE DATES: 1851 01 31-1926 10 29.
BIRTHPLACE: New York City, N.Y.
PLACE OF DEATH: New York City, N.Y.
WHERE ACTIVE: B.C.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889 04-05.
STATUS: Amateur (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Webb was trained as a physician in Europe but gave up medicine to practice business. He married a daughter of William H. Vanderbilt in 1883 and took over the Wagner Palace Car company shortly thereafter. Utilizing a private railway coach built by his company, Webb and his party journeyed across Canada on the Canadian Pacific Railway to the West Coast where they spent part of April and May. A side trip by steamer took them to Alaska. Webb published the results of his voyage the following year. The Vancouver and Victoria papers devoted several column inches to his comings and goings, including mentions of his photographic activities.
COLLECTIONS: see references.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Colonist, 1889 04 16/; 1889 05 19/4; 1889 05 28/4; 1889 05 29/1 and 4; World, 1889 05 18/4; 1889 05 22/2; Webb (1890); National Cyclopaedia of American Biography (1926):v. 1; Who Was Who in America (1943):v. 1.


Webster & Stevens see Hegg, Eric A.

Weed, J.E. see Mayo & Weed.

NAME: Wells, Edmond Hazard.
LIFE DATES: 1860? __ __-1940 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: southern California.
WHERE ACTIVE: Skagway (White Pass) Trail; Bennett, BC; Dawson, Yukon.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897 08-1898 01.
STATUS: Photojournalist.
SUMMARY: Wells had made two prior trips to Alaska (1889, 1890) as a reporter before being hired by the Scripps-McCrae League, a primarily US midwest newspaper syndicate, to cover the Klondike gold rush. He arrived at Skagway on 7 August 1897 and went through the White Pass about five days later. He reached Dawson on 20 September. His last letter to his newspaper editor is dated Dawson, 15 December 1897. Wells produced an excellent visual and written record of his travels, one of the few photojournalists to do so, the other being Tappan Adney. Wells returned to Skagway via the White Pass by dogsled carrying urgent and secret despatches that were to be sent to the War Dept. in Washington, D.C. He took a few photos along the way back and even met his colleague John B. Burnham who was on his way out to Juneau. Burnham photographed the Wells party on 1 January 1898 (Wells:177). Skagway was reached on 24 January 1898.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Wells (1984).


NAME: Welsh, Howard Milton.
VARIANT: Welsh, C.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster ; Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 435 Columbia St./1891-1892 ; 437 Columbia St. (Curtis-Armstrong Block [?]; New Westminster)/1892-1900.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: Queen's Ave./1892 ; 315 Third St./1893 ; Glasgow House (Vancouver)/1894 ; 56 Michigan St./1895 ; Third St./1895 ; 609 Agnes St./1897-1898 ; Royal Ave., next to Eighth St./1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1891-1900.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He started with J.L. Browne in 1891. The 1894 Vancouver directory listed him residing in that city at a hotel. Between 1892-1900 he was based in New Westminster as Welsh & Co. The 1899 directory also listed a C. Welsh in the Curtis-Armstrong Block, which may or may not be the same person. H. M. was married on November 24, 1897 to Annie Martin in New Westminster.
COLLECTIONS: see Welsh & Co.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Welsh & Co.
REFERENCES: WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HEN97; WIL97; HEN98; HEN99; HEN00; Voters List, 1898 (New Westminster); News-Advertiser, 1891 08 02/2; 1897 11 27/6.


NAME: Welsh, K. (Miss).
VARIANT:
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 437 Columbia St./1897.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Retoucher.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: She worked for Welsh & Co.
REFERENCES: WIL97.


NAME: Welsh & Co.
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 437 Columbia St./1895-1899.
WORK INTERVAL: 1895-1899.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This company was established by H.M. Welsh.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL95; HEN97; WIL97; HEN98; HEN99.


NAME: West, Minnie.
VARIANT:
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 140 Fort St./1897.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL97.


NAME: Wheeler, John D.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE/WHEN ACTIVE: Dawson/1899.
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY: Several photographs, including the frontispiece, are credited to "Wheeler" in Tappan Adney's The Klondike Stampede. He was later a photographer in Leavenworth, Washington.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Adney (1900); Letter, Michael Cirelli, 1997 02 25.


NAME: Whitaker, William L.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Fort Wrangell, AK ; BC ; Chilkoot Pass Trail.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: ca. 1899-1902.
STATUS:
SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Alaska State Library (1995).


NAME: White, J.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 31 Johnson St. (Colonial Hotel)/1890.
WORK INTERVAL: 1890.
STATUS: Commercial (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: This was probably the same person as Vancouver photographer J.M. White.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: HEN90.


NAME: White, John M.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: New Westminster?
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Cordova St. (tent)/1889 06-1890? ; 31 Carrall St./1890-1891 ; 2 Cordova St. E. (Oppenheimer & Carrall) (Graveley-Spinks Block)/1891 11-1897 ; 6 Cordova St. E./1897 ; 14 Cordova St. E./1899-1900.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 2 Cordova St. E. (Oppeneheimer & Carrall)/1892-1893 ; 24 Sixth Ave./1894 ; Cordova St. E./1895 ; 16 Cordova St. W./1898-1900.
WORK INTERVAL: 1889 06-1900+.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: According to a summary of his career in 1896, "Mr. White came here from Toronto seven years ago, having been for years with J. Fraser Bryce of that city." White established his tent studio for tintype portraits in June 1889, then moved to a building on Carrall St. He relocated to the new Graveley-Spinks Block in November 1891 for which Vancouver architect R. MacKay Fripp had designed the upper floor specifically for White's studio. The premises were latter occupied by photographers H.D. MacKay and Alphonse Savard. White was primarily a portrait photographer, but did venture outdoors. The 1896 newspaper report also noted that he had recently hired a "young lady artist from the United States, who has been connected with leading studios in that country."
He was married on August 14, 1893 to Mattie Faulkner (d. 1939) in Vancouver. She informed Major J.S. Matthews, City Archivist, in June 1939 that her husband had been in the New Westminster Asylum for the Insane for 22 years and that she had operated the studio herself for 15 years.
COLLECTIONS: BVAA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see White's Studio.
REFERENCES: WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; HOD96; HEN97; WIL97; HEN99; WIL99; HEN00; Voters List, 1898; 1900; BVAA, Add. Mss. 54, file 106; World, 1889 06 01/1; 1893 08 14/1; 1896 06 (Souvenir Edition); Telegram, 1890 09 23/2 (ad); News-Advertiser, 1891 11 21/1; 1892 01 14/8.


NAME: White's Studio.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 2 Cordova St. E./1897.
WORK INTERVAL: 1897.
STATUS: Studio.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Established by J.M. White, this studio was operated after the turn of the century by his wife Mattie.
COLLECTIONS: BVAA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "White Vancouver, B.C." on cabinet portrait (BVAA PORTRAITS P. 1174).
REFERENCES: WIL97.


NAME: Whiting, R.R.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE:
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL:
STATUS: Commercial (visit).
SUMMARY: Photographer for the Whiting View Company, Klondike Gold Rush stereograph publishers.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES:


NAME: Whiting View Company
WHERE ACTIVE: Cincinnati, OH (headquarters) ; Yukon.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1901-1912 (outside dates).
STATUS: Commercial (visit).
SUMMARY: Principal photographer was R.R. Whiting.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES:


NAME: Williams, John Tomatoa Chawner.
LIFE DATES: 1858 11 27-1943 11 21.
BIRTHPLACE: Kent (county), UK.
PLACE OF DEATH: Vancouver.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1888-1899.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A photo in the City of Vancouver Archives is dated 1888. Williams was listed as president of the Vancouver Camera Club in the directories of 1897-99. He was a surveyor with his brother Sidney (Williams Bros.). In 1904 John became provincial inspector of fisheries.
COLLECTIONS: BVAA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL89; HEN90; HEN97; HEN99; BVAA photo no. 66-14; Howay & Scholefield (1914):v. 3; 405-6; Sun, 1943 11 03/8 (obit.).


NAME: Williams, Robert Taylor.
LIFE DATES: 1849 03 05-1934 08 11.
BIRTHPLACE: Rochester, NY.
PLACE OF DEATH: Victoria.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR: Government St., W. side near View St. (Victoria Theatre Photographic Gallery)/186-.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 186-.
STATUS: Commercial?
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A small mounted albumen print has written in pencil on the mount "1st picture taken by R.T.W. in old Theatre Building Government [St.] at Victoria." The image is of two men seated at a round table looking through viewers at stereographs being handed them by a third man also seated.
R.T. Williams came to BC with his family in 1859; it is possible he was apprenticed briefly to one of the operators of the Victoria Theatre Photographic Gallery, but in reminiscing about the theatre in 1933 he did not mention the photo gallery.
Educated at St. Louis College (opened 1864), Victoria, he worked for T. N. Hibben & Co., booksellers, in the late 1860s-early 1870s, and later ran his own bookbinding and publishing business. His provincial business directories are an important source of historical information.
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA photo no. HP023781.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see above.
REFERENCES: MAL68; MAL69; MAL71; MAL74; WIL82; Colonist, 1933 10 22; 1934 08 12/1 (obit.); Sun, 1934 08 13 (obit.); BVIPA Death Registration no. 1934-09-494054 (reel B13151); BVIPA Reference Room VF.


NAME: Willoughby, Richard G.
LIFE DATES: 1833? 05 __-1902 05 13.
BIRTHPLACE: Boone County?, MO.
PLACE OF DEATH: Seattle, WA.
WHERE ACTIVE: Alaska.
WORK INTERVAL: June 21, 1888 ("The Silent City" mirage hoax photograph).
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Like many men of his era, Willoughby drifted west and then north. His principal occupation was as a gold prospector and miner. Although he married 1854, family life appears not to have agreed with him. In 1857, having returned to Missouri from three years in California, Willoughby began to put as much distance as possible between himself and his wife and their infant son. The spring 1858 Fraser River Gold Rush drew him north from California and he eventually found his way to Sitka, Alaska, after participating in the 1860s Cariboo Gold Rush and 1870s Cassiar Gold Rush. He moved to Juneau, Alaska, in the fall 1880 and bought property there for his home in June 1881.
Willoughby, also known as Professor Willoughby, was an amateur photographer and, according to Alaska historian R.N. DeArmond
a master story-teller and entertainer ... One of his most famous exploits was the Silent City hoax in which he peddled hundreds of photographs from a glass plate negative which had allegedly been made at Glacier Bay and showed a ghost city.
Probably the earliest book account of The Silent City photograph is Badlam's The Wonders of Alaska (1891). Badlam misdates the photograph as June 21, 1889. Many other travel guides and descriptive accounts of Alaska published in 1890s and early 1900s speak of The Silent City hoax and all refer to the image as depicting Bristol, England.
Winter & Pond acquired the negative or a good copy print from which they generated two slightly different prints.The version numbered Winter & Pond 101 was published in Jordan's 1897 refutation of the hoax, at which time the photograph was identified as depicting Bristol, England. In 1994 Mattison confirmed with a staff member of the Bristol public library that Willoughby's Silent City photograph was indeed taken in Bristol.
Cole (1980) states that Willoughby purchased a photographic kit in 1887 on a trip to Vancouver Island; among the supplies was a box of exposed glass negatives and on one of those was the over-exposed image of Bristol. While the appearance of icebeg mirages is a well-known optical phenomenon called a Fata Morgana (Corliss, 1984), it took the showman genius of "Professor" Willoughby to create the miracle of The Silent City that fooled no one.
Other photographers or studios credited with attempting to photograph The Silent City a year after Willoughby claimed to have done so are photojournalists Miner W. Bruce and L.B. French; Miss Maude Badlam; and E.H. Husher of I.W. Taber & Co.
COLLECTIONS: AHL (Winter & Pond Collection, PCA 87, albums) .
IDENTIFYING MARKS: Two Winter & Pond prints found in albums at AHL are titled on the print surface "R.G. [sic] Willoughby's Mirage - the Silent City - Alaska" (7.5 x 5 inches) and "101 R.G. [sic] Willoughby's Mirage [the Silent City,] Alaska" (7.5 x 4.5 inches). A third print, measuring 8 x 10 inches, duplicates the first one from the albums, and is AHL PCA 87-2738.
REFERENCES: Sitka The Alaskan, 1888 07 21/4 ("While in Glacier Bay last trip, Dick Willoughby succeeded in securing two excellent negatives of the wonderful city reflected on the glassy surface of the Pacific glacier); Badlam (1891); Jordan (1897); Shannon (1923); DeArmond (1967); Cole (1980); Corliss (1984); Letter, I.M. Spartz to D. Mattison, 1988 06 29; Letters, DeArmond to Mattison, 1988-1992; Letter, Mrs. E. Jeffery, Central Library, Bristol, England, to Mattison, 1994 06 16 (Ref. AR/EJ).


NAME: Wilse & Kirke.
WHERE ACTIVE: Seattle, WA.
WORK INTERVAL: 1880s?-1897+?.
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY: Partnership of Anders Beer Wilse and Kirke, this company photographed departure activities surrounding the Klondike Gold Rush at Seattle in the summer of 1897. Photographs may also be credited to the Seattle Photo Co.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Jones (1976).


NAME: Wilson, A.E.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Yale.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Front St./1887.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1887.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: MAL87.


NAME: Wilson, Charles William.
LIFE DATES: 1836 03 14-1905 10 25.
BIRTHPLACE: Liverpool, UK.
PLACE OF DEATH: Tunbridge Wells, UK.
WHERE ACTIVE: B.C., 49th Parallel.
WORK INTERVAL: 1859.
STATUS: Institutional.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A lieutenant in the Royal Engineers, he was Secretary to the British Boundary Commission (1858-62). In his diary was this remark:
October 28th to 31st [1859]. Tolerably fine weather, during which I have been taking a few photographs.
These were taken at the camp around Chilliwack ("Chilukweyuk"). Wilson also produced watercolour sketches of various scenes and these are in the BC Archives.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: BVIPA, Wilson diary (original); Wilson (1970):75.


NAME: Wilson, Veazie.
LIFE DATES: 1864?-1894 or 1895 before January 5.
BIRTHPLACE: Maine?, USA.
PLACE OF DEATH: Seattle?, WA, USA.
WHERE ACTIVE: Dyea, AK, to mouth of Yukon River.
WORK INTERVAL: 1894.
STATUS: Amateur.
SUMMARY: The first illustrated account by a photographer, Wilson's posthumous Guide to the Yukon Gold Fields (1895a) contains a "Memoir" by J.O. Hestwood, Seattle, dated January 5, 1895, in which is noted the author's death "just at the hour the book comes from the press." Two further guidebooks were also issued, one in 1895 and a revised version of the first account compiled and published by Esther Lyons who claimed to have accompanied Wilson's party.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Wilson (1895a); Wilson (1895b); Wilson (1897).


NAME: Wintemute, George.
LIFE DATES: 1872 06 07-19__ __ __.
BIRTHPLACE: New Westminster.
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster?.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 245 Third Ave./1892.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: The paper mentioned his "collection of photos made by an amateur" at the New Westminster Exhibition. He operated a furniture factory in New Westminster and later moved to Seattle.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: WIL92; News-Advertiser, 1892 09 22/3; BVIPA Reference Room VF.


NAME: Winter, Lloyd Valentine.
LIFE DATES: 1866 __ __-1945 11 18.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: Juneau, AK?.
WHERE ACTIVE: Chilkoot Pass (Dyea) Trail; Yukon; Juneau, AK.
WORK INTERVAL: 1891-1943; winter 1897-1898 (Yukon).
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY: Winter's first partnership in Juneau was with G.M. Landerkin as Landerkin & Winter and lasted from 1891 to 1893. Winter & Pond, founded in 1893 with E.P. Pond, remained in business for a half century. Winter covered the Klondike Gold Rush in 1898 as a contract photographer for the stereograph publisher Underwood & Underwood and the magazine Leslie's Weekly.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: see Winter & Pond.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: see Winter & Pond.
REFERENCES: see Winter & Pond.

NAME: Winter & Pond
WHERE ACTIVE: Chilkoot Pass (Dyea) Trail; Yukon; Juneau, AK.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Juneau, AK/1893-1943.
WORK INTERVAL: 1893-1943; winter 1897-1898 (Yukon).
STATUS: Studio.
SUMMARY: Established by L.V. Winter and E.P. Pond in 1893, Winter & Pond were the premier photographers of Juneau and are especially known for their outstanding portraiture of the Tlingit people. A March 1895 newspaper ad indicated they had Yukon images. Winter undertook the arduous journey to the Yukon over the winter of 1897-1898.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: AHL (glass negatives); BVIPA (prints).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: print surface may be numbered, captioned and/or marked "W. & P. Co." with copyright symbol or "Copyright by Winter & Pond". Markings may be printed or handwritten.
REFERENCES: BVIPA HP067053; Winter & Pond (1934); Calmensen (1979); De Armond (1982); Wyatt (1989); Grainger (1992).


NAME: Wiseman, Sir William.
LIFE DATES: 1845 08 23-1893 01 11.
BIRTHPLACE: East Cosham house, Hampshire, UK.
PLACE OF DEATH: Elliott terrace, Plymouth, UK.
WHERE ACTIVE: Cowichan Lake.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR: Esquimalt/1886-1888.
WORK INTERVAL: late 1880s.
STATUS: Amateur.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: After serving in various naval engagements in New Zealand (1864-1865), Niger (1869), China (1874-1878), he was stationed at Esquimalt as commander of HMS Caroline. When HMS Caroline was dispatched in 1888 to the Skeena River with the 'C' Battery aboard, one of its members, Captain James Peters, was also a photographer. Sir William went on to command HMS Immortalite (1890-1892) and Impregnable (1892), a training ship.
A photograph of the Cowichan Lake Hotel in the BC Archives was identified as "taken by Sir William Wiseman of the Royal Navy."
COLLECTIONS: BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: BVIPA photo no. HP080559; Boase (1965); Gough (1984).


NAME: Withrow, David.
LIFE DATES: 18__ __ __-1905 06 12.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: Victoria.
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster ; Moodyville (Burrard Inlet).
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1868 11-1870.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Established in New Westminster in November 1868, he opened a branch studio at Moodyville the following March. He left photography in the early 1870s to do business as a cabinet and furniture maker in New Westminster. He operated the Brighton Hotel at Hastings on Burrard Inlet in 1882.
One of his photographs of ships at Moodyville was published as an engraving in the Canadian Illustrated News of June 1, 1872. His daughter, A. L. Withrow (b. 1866), an artist in Victoria, married W. H. Ellis, general manager of the Colonist in 1887.
Withrow took portraits in the carte-de-visite format as well as landscape views, and was a friend of F.G. Claudet.
A year before his death Withrow worked at the Provincial Museum as a curator or caretaker.
COLLECTIONS: BVAA; BVIPA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: "D. Withrow, New Westminster And Burrard Inlet" on verso of cartes-de-visite; two different designs and type styles used.
REFERENCES: MAL68; MAL69; MAL71; MAL82; Frederick G. Claudet diary, 1904 09 19 (BVIPA A/E/C57/C571.1); Columbian, 1868 11 21/2; 1869 03 20/4; Colonist, 1887 08 10/4; 1905 06 14/5 (obit.); Times, 1905 06 13/8 (obit.); BVIPA Death Registration no. 1905-09-018793 (reel B13080).


NAME: Wolfe, Frank E.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Dawson.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: by 1906.
STATUS: Commercial.
SUMMARY:
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: OOA; YWA (MM Collection).
IDENTIFYING MARKS: Print usually captioned and signed "Wolfe Photo Dawson YT".
REFERENCES: Yukon Archives photo no. 3603.


NAME: Wood, Jessie (Miss).
VARIANT:
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: New Westminster.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: 441 Columbia St./1892.
HOME ADDRESS/YEAR: 99 Eighth St./1892.
WORK INTERVAL: 1892.
STATUS: Unknown.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Listed as a clerk at S. J. Thompson's B.C. Photo & Fine Art Studio, she might have been involved in the photographic end of the business.
REFERENCES: WIL92.


NAME: Woodside, Henry Joseph.
LIFE DATES: 1858 __ __-1929 __ __.
BIRTHPLACE: Arkwright, ON.
PLACE OF DEATH: Ottawa, ON.
WHERE ACTIVE: Stikine River/Teslin Trail, BC ; Yukon.
WORK INTERVAL: 1898.
STATUS: Amateur (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A militia major and correspondent for several U.S. and Canadian newspapers, he travelled with the Yukon Field Force along the Teslin Trail through BC to Dawson City.
COLLECTIONS: OOA.
IDENTIFYING MARKS: Print surface may be numbered, captioned and signed "HJW".
REFERENCES: Koltun (1984).

NAME: Worden, ______.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE:
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL:
STATUS:
SUMMARY: Partner in Stanley & Worden.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: see Stanley & Worden.
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: UWL.


NAME: Worgan, Alfred Dashwood.
VARIANT: Morgan, A. D.
LIFE DATES: 1851? __ __-1935 12 08.
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH: Vancouver, BC.
WHERE ACTIVE: Vernon ; Greenwood.
BUSINESS ADDRESS-YEAR:
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1891-1898.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: He was in Vernon by 1891 or earlier and advertised in the first issue of the paper (May 14, 1891). He was married and his house and studio shed burned down in April 1896. He moved to Greenwood the following year.
A photographer with the surname Moran and no given names listed is in the 1891 census for the Okanagan Valley. He is 40 years old, married (his wife's name is Amy), his birthplace was Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and his religion is Anglican. A 13 year old "lodger" named Annie Clark lived with the couple. The death  registration index at the BC Archives Web site lists his age as 86.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: 1891 Canada Census, Yale District, BC (Living Landscapes: Thompson/Okanagan Web site: http://royal.okanagan.bc.ca/census/index.html); BVIPA Death Registration No. 1935-09-508258 (microfilm B13155); WIL92; WIL93; WIL94; WIL95; WIL97; HEN98; Voters List, 1894 (E. riding, Yale District); Letter, Vernon Museum & Archives to Mattison, 1981 11 06.


NAME: World's Panorama Company.
WHERE ACTIVE: Victoria ; Northwest Coast.
WORK INTERVAL: 1861 04.
STATUS: Commercial (visit).
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: The Colonist reported a boat being fitted out for the taking of photographs of the scenery of Puget Sound, Vancouver Island and the Northwest Coast of BC. The photos were to be sent to the US for transfer to canvas by an artist and later exhibition in the US, Canada and Europe as a panorama.
The president of the company, one J.A. Miller, responded to this bit of publicity with a long letter to the editor of the Colonist. In the letter he noted that the company, organized in Canada West (Ontario), had as its objective the completion of a panorama showing "the entire route from New York to some point on the Fraser River, to be decided upon by the agents who are engaged on the northwest coast, including the West Indies, Aspinwall, Panama, Acapulco, San Francisco, Straits of San Juan del Fuca, Vancouver Island, Victoria city, Puget Sound, San Juan, Fraser River, British Columbia, &c., &c.; said panorama to connect with a panorama of such portions of the Eastern Hemisphere as may be deemed advisable, especially Palestine and its associations."
This so-called world panorama was to be exhibited, claimed Miller, at the "World's Fair" on June 2 [1862?] as a specimen of Canadian art. Bad weather had so far prevented the two photographer-artists (the second man was not named by Miller) from completing their work and he expected it to take no more than four weeks of good weather before they returned to Canada West.
The sloop Photograph was advertised for auction on October 19, 1861, but a few days later the paper reported that its sails and ballast had been stolen.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Colonist, 1861 04 01/3; 1861 04 04/1; 1861 10 19/2; 1861 10 22/3; Mattison (1984 01-03): 47-8.


NAME: Wren, ---.
VARIANT: Uren, John [?].
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE: Vancouver.
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR: Cordova St., next door to McKendry's Boot Store/1886 05 24-06 13.
HOME ADDRESS-YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL: 1886 05 24-06 13.
STATUS: Commercial.
BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A partner in Milross & Wren, it is possible he was the photographer John Uren who was operating in New Westminster at the same time.
COLLECTIONS:
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: Vancouver Weekly Herald & North Pacific News, 1886 05 21/2 and 3; 1886 06 18/2; Columbian, 1886 06 19/3.


NAME: Wyman, Jasper N.
LIFE DATES:
BIRTHPLACE:
PLACE OF DEATH:
WHERE ACTIVE:
BUSINESS ADDRESS/YEAR:
WORK INTERVAL:
STATUS:
SUMMARY: Originally from Galesburg, IL.
COLLECTIONS/FORMATS: Anchorage Museum (glass negatives).
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
REFERENCES: E-mail, ___________, 1995 __ __.